This report examines how selected states allocate Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) funds to charter and other public schools and identifies factors helping and hindering charter schools' access to funds in various states. Researchers found that states allocate funds for charter schools either directly or indirectly via a parent school district. About two-fifths of the charter schools surveyed received Title I funds; slightly over half received IDEA funds or IDEA-funded special education services. Most charter schools did not receive funds or did not apply for them. Access barriers included lack of enrollment and student eligibility data to submit to states and the application time and costs considerations. Several states and the Department of Education have begun initiatives, such as alternative allocation policies, to help charter schools access federal funds.
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