Hoag, Dizinno and White discuss a series of observations on restroom fixture utilization in a variety of schools and grade levels in a Florida school district seeking to validate or question state code requirements. A number of conclusions are made. Flushing counts do not represent use levels, the presence of observers sometimes does and sometimes does not affect counts and maintenance of restrooms along with perceived safety does affect use of facilities. The study suggests that further work should be undertaken because actual utilization at peak levels in male facilities would indicate a lower requirement than code 1-139 as opposed to a code requirement of 1-75 at middle school level.
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