Health Clinic Environments in Georgia Elementary Schools.

Web Abstract: 
Schools seem to be the logical place to serve the health needs of students, since children spend a majority of their time there. Design standards were not available for health clinics in Georgia elementary schools; therefore, this study examined key characteristics of an elementary school clinic in order to determine the importance of each design element. Eleven design classifications and 12 specific design elements were determined through a review of related literature. Characteristics included: components (rooms), space, and size; general design elements; location; accessibility; the waiting area; the nurse's office; the treatment room; the isolation area; the restroom (toilet); security, storage, and safety elements; and furnishings/treatments. Specific design elements included: lighting; windows; integrating nature elements into design; promoting a sense of well-being for users; security and privacy/confidentiality elements; electrical/plumbing elements; doors and wayfinding (signage); walls and ceilings; acoustics; use of color; heating/ventilation/air conditioning; and flooring elements. This information was incorporated in a survey of 12 experts involved with designing, building, and managing school facilities and 104 school nurses. Establishing design guidelines for health clinics in Georgia elementary schools were recommended, and the guidelines should be written using the professional judgment of school nurses, representatives of users of the clinic, and the findings of this study. [Author's abstract]
Simpson, Susan Rogers
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