Innovative Alternatives in Learning Environments: CAE Fall Conference Proceedings.

Web Abstract: 
This paper summarizes the ideas that were exchanged between Americans and Europeans during a conference held in Amsterdam November 7-10, 2000, by the Committee on Architecture for Education. The subject was the future of school design, including the shape of the school and the way changing educational methods are affecting school buildings. Case studies presented during the conference were: Open and Flexible Spaces; Designing a Place for Problem Solving: The Center for Applied Technology and Career Exploration; Designing for the Unknown; School Size and Quality: What Does This Mean for the Future; Creating a Building Design for an Integrated Approach to Teaching and Learning; The School as a Building for Lifelong Learning; Concept Development as the Key to Innovative Accommodation; and Mapping Physical and Virtual Learning Environments. The highlighted workshops explored six themes in school design: location, space, time, scale, cost, and context. Participants were challenged to consider the effects of these specific elements within the design process.|||Case Studies--K-12 Schools,Site Selection--Nontraditional ,Schools for the Future Innovative and Workable Ideas for Building Schools. Public/Private Partnerships: A New Way To Fund and Build Schools.|References to Books and Other Media||Guhse, David||2001-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|17||Thomas Jefferson Institute for Public Policy, Springfield, VA.||This report presents case studies illustrating successful public-private financing of school construction. The efforts occurred in Canada, Florida, South Carolina, New York, the District of Columbia, and Texas. The case studies are offered to encourage policy makers in Virginia to consider such an approach to meet the state's school construction needs. The report concludes that public-private development has shown dramatic results in terms of time saved, money saved, final product, and completion of projects that traditional financing could not support.|||Funding -- State and Local ,Funding Partnerships Innovative Approaches to Financing Facilities.|References to Journal Articles|Child Care Bulletin|Stokley, Jan; Heumann, Emily||1996-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||Innovative joint ventures between government, business, and philanthropy are helping finance child care facilities through various combinations of loans, grants, and technical assistance. A few of these approaches are listed.|||Early Learning Facilities,Funding Options -- Overview,Funding Partnerships Innovative Finance.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Moore, Deb||2005-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|8||||Summarizes the use of educational buying cooperatives, energy performance contracting, public-private partnerships, and non-profit foundations in the search for additional funds for school construction and operation.|||Funding Options -- Overview,Performance Contracting Innovative Financing Solutions: Finding Money for Your Energy Efficiency Projects.|References to Books and Other Media||||2002-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|11p. ||U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Energy Star Program||This describes how performance contracts and tax-exempt lease-purchase agreements may offer practical solution when no money is available for energy efficiency projects. It provides clear financial reasoning and cost modeling, as well as some case studies. |||Energy Management,Funding Options -- Overview,Performance Contracting Innovative Methods to Fund Public School Construction.|References to Books and Other Media||Rawlings, Lisa||2002-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|8|Text|University of Maryland, School of Public Affairs, College Park||Describes three non-traditional methods of funding school construction: 1) construction/leaseback, where developers build schools and lease them to the school system, but retain ownership; 2) local incremental sales tax option for schools (LISTOS), where local jurisdictions levy a sales tax, with a portion of the revenue being contributed into a fund for needier jurisdictions which lack the sales base for such a program; 3) innovative partnerships, where systems join with other community or commercial interests to create learning spaces.|||Funding Options -- Overview,Funding Partnerships,Lease Purchase Financing Innovative Pedagogy and School Facilities.|References to Books and Other Media||Washor, Elliot||2003-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|93||DesignShare, Minneapolis, MN. Publication based on doctoral dissertation, Johnson & Wales University, Providence, Rhode Island, entitled Translating Innovative Pedagogical Designs Into School Facilities. ||This research examines the translation of innovative and complex school reform models, based upon nontraditional pedagogy, into school facilities design. Factors facilitating and impeding the process are identified, as are the relationships between the numerous constituencies. The study analyzes the three major forces determined to be at work in the process, which were: 1) political, 2) social, and 3) economic. The school examined is the Metropolitan Regional Career and Technical Center (MET) in Providence, Rhode Island.|||Case Studies--K-12 Schools,Design -- Overview,Educational Specifications,Impact of Facilities on Learning,Schools for the Future Innovative School Design for Small Learning Communitites. |References to Journal Articles|Horace Journal|Davidson, Jill ||2001-10-01 00:00:00.0|Season||Text|||A cadre of Coalition of Essential schools aims to change the vision of educational architecture. They have remade the physical structures of schools to support small learning communities and include radiant streams of sunlight, wireless networks and handheld computers, window seats, balconies, triple-story atriums, curved passageways, upholstered furniture, multi-function meeting rooms, huge closets and rooftop gardens. |||Design -- Overview,School Size/Small Schools,Schools for the Future Innovative School Facility Partnerships: Downtown, Airport, and Retail Space. Policy Study No. 276.|References to Books and Other Media||Taylor, Matthew D.; Snell, Lisa||2000-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|19p.||Reason Public Policy Institute, Los Angeles, CA||This document examines three locations that schools have utilized in partnership with private enterprises to help ease school overcrowding: downtown areas, airports, and malls. The downtown model serves students whose parents work in a downtown area. The mall model targets high school students who want an alternative education with job training. The airport model provides a school with space on airport grounds so that students of airport employees can attend school. These initiatives help local school districts save funds that would otherwise be used to construct facilities, freeing up resources for other district needs. Students benefit from smaller class sizes and unique educational opportunities afforded to them by the school location and interaction with local businesses. Students and parents also benefit from the creative scheduling that the schools offer by working around the parents' schedules. |||Charter School Facilities Funding,Funding Options -- Overview,Funding Partnerships,Site Selection--Nontraditional Innovative Schools in Britain, Australia, and the Cayman Islands.|References to Journal Articles|Educational Facility Planner|Locker, Frank||2007-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|25-29||||Highlights the policies, practices, and innovations in school planning for these countries, illustrated with examples of local building programs and specific schools.|||Design -- International,Design -- United Kingdom Innovative Strategies are Critical in University Settings.|References to Journal Articles|American School and Hospital Facility|Sanders, Rowan||2009-03-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|10-13|Text|||Discusses district energy and cogeneration programs that save energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The program at Boston's Emerson College is detailed as an example.|||Energy Management--HIGHER EDUCATION,Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION Innovative Use of Space Forecast for US Educational Facility Planning Market.|References to Journal Articles|CEFPI E-News|||2007-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|||||Offers projections for educational facility planning in 2008 from four educational facilities planners. They were asked to comment on the following: 1) Spending on school facilities: Will you see increases, decline, urban vs. rural? 2) Trends in design for 2008. 3) Energy spending: Do you foresee schools making this a major initiative or will it remain status quo? 4) School size: Trends 5) Role of the facility planner: What new roles will the Planner take as more and more communities seek out different types of schools?||Council of Educational Facility Planners International (CEFPI), 9180 E. Desert Cove, Suite 104, Scottsdale, AZ 85260; Tel: 480-391-0840 |Schools for the Future,Urban School Facility Issues Ins and Outs of Campus Access.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Koziol, Jeff||2003-09-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|48,50,52||||Suggests determining campus access by deciding who will get access to which points at which times. Describes aspects and vulnerabilities of keycode, magnetic stripe cards, and biometric systems.|||Access Control Systems,Safety and Security--HIGHER EDUCATION Ins and Outs of Outsourcing.|References to Journal Articles|District Administration|Maciejewski, Jennifer||2007-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|50-54||||Reviews advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing of school support services, as well as typical community and staff objections. Advice on making outsourcing work is offered, addressing clear and detailed communication with constituents and contractors, liability, performing due diligence, and accurately assessing the costs and savings.|||Facilities Management,Outsourcing Services Ins and Outs of Privatization.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Daneman, Kathy||1998-09-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|16, 18||||Discusses the pros and cons of privatization as a way of saving money while improving non-educational operations. The question of why some services should be kept in-house are addressed as well as what to look for when considering outsourcing. One school's experience with outsourcing health care services is highlighted. |||Facilities Management,Maintenance and Operations Costs,Outsourcing Services Inservicing Teachers and Administrators on Classroom Environment|References to Journal Articles|CEFPI Journal|Frohreich, Lloyd E.||1986-03-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|||||The author addresses the environmental issues of lighting, noise and temperature and their affect on the learning process. He further suggests that teachers and administrators be made aware of these issues during one of their annual inservice training programs. He also suggests administering a diagnostic test containing 20 statements on environmental issues as a method of beginning the inservice training and raising the issues in the teaching profession.|||Teacher Workspaces,Teachers Working Conditions Inside Out.|References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|Gonchar, Joann||2010-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|148-155|Text|||Profiles Massachusetts Institute of Technology's new Media Lab, noting the design of its distinctive exterior, atrium, and exterior screens. Photographs, plans, and a list of project participants accompany the text.|||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Library Facilities--HIGHER EDUCATION Inside Purdue's Envision Center|References to Journal Articles|Campus Technology|||2005-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|||||Case study of Purdue University's Envision Center for Data Perceptualization that breaks away from the classroom experience and brings true multi-sensory discovery and learning to students. Discusses the Virtual Reality 3D theater that immerse users in the environment they are viewing in real time. |||Classrooms--HIGHER EDUCATION,Schools for the Future,Technology Integration--HIGHER EDUCATION Inside Stories|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Fickes, Michael ||2012-05-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|p38-46|Text|||A group of design professionals show how a school's interior design can inspire teaching and learning. |||Classrooms,Impact of Facilities on Learning,Schools as a Teaching Tool Inspecting Fire & Life Safety Systems |References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Halligan, Mike ||2012-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|p51-54|Text|||A fire alarm system and accessory components are, without doubt, a necessity for life safety. By monitoring the environment and noticing any changes potentially related to unsafe conditions, a fire alarm system alerts the occupants of a building that there is an unusual condition, and all people need to be aware of the condition and take steps to evacuate.|||Fire Safety,Safety and Security--HIGHER EDUCATION Inspecting for Quality.|References to Journal Articles|Education Week|Jacobson, Linda||2006-01-04 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|22-25||||Discusses California school site inspections compelled by recent legislation that was a result of lawsuits in response to poor facility conditions and lack of textbooks in schools. The facility inspections are typically thorough, including over 50 items that cover building systems, fire safety, pest infestation, windows and doors, structural conditions, interior surface conditions, restrooms, drinking fountains, and food service areas. Funding to help districts comply with the legislation has been made available and a general improvement in school facility conditions statewide is reported.|||Condition of Schools,Facilities Assessment Inspection Insights: Ensuring Roof Performance.|References to Journal Articles|Maintenance Solutions|Kaiser, Tom||2009-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|8,9||||Discusses inspection of roofing elements during installation. Pre-inspection issues, roof deck substrates, insulation, bitumen temperatures, membranes, and base flashing are addressed.|||Roof Repair and Maintenance,Roof Selection Inspired by the Slum.|References to Journal Articles|Educational Facility Planner|Pratapchandran, Sarat||2009-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|10,11|Text|||Profiles “hole in the wall” computer kiosks in impoverished New Delhi neighborhoods that provide unsupervised and collaborative learning environments to heterogeneous groups of children. In an interview, Dr. Sugata Mitra, the creator of this new educational pedagogy termed Minimally Invasive Education (MIE), explains how it can help bridge the digital divide and provide rich learning opportunities for children everywhere.|||Design -- International,Technology Integration, K-12 2008-2012 Installing Portable Classrooms With Good Air Quality.|References to Journal Articles|School Construction News|Godfrey, Ray||2000-07-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|18-19||||Discusses the advantages of modular classrooms and improvements made in indoor air quality, including the pros and cons of portables, challenges districts face when planning and installing portables, and cost considerations. Concluding comments highlight system costs and maintenance required.|||Indoor Air Quality,Portable Classrooms Instant Classrooms.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Dolan, Thomas||2006-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|18,20|Text|||Discusses temporary and permanent modular construction, citing their differences and describing precast modular construction in particular.|||Portable Classrooms,Modular Construction Institut de Tourisme et d'Hotellerie du Quebec.|References to Journal Articles|Canadian Architect|Jen, Leslie||2006-05-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|52,53|Text|||Describes this renovated hospitality and culinary teaching facility that distributes heat from the kitchens to warm the building. A new exterior modifies and softens the previously unloved brutalist structure.|||Awards 1990-2007,Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION Institute for Business & Home Safety: Protecting Our Kids from Disasters Program|Related Web Sites||||||||||IBHS is an initiative of the insurance industry to reduce deaths, injuries, property damage, economic losses and human suffering caused by natural disasters. Site includes an information center, a list of publications, and information on the IBHS initiative to help retrofit a community's child care centers, better preparing the centers against natural disasters.|||Preparedness for Disasters -- Overview,Preparedness for Natural Disasters Institute for Computational and Experimental Research in Mathematics, Brown University / Architecture Research Office|References to Journal Articles|Arch Daily|||2012-01-11 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy||Text|||Case study of new Institute for Computational and Experimental Research in Mathematics, or ICERM at Brown University. A unique feature of the Lecture Hall is the fourth wall, a writable surface of translucent glass panels inset with two suspended projection screens. This wide, floor-to-ceiling surface, actually a double layer of glass, allows daylight to filter into ICERM's central lounge, where mathematicians also write on it. |||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Queen Mary University of London.|References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|||2006-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|||||Profiles this higher education science building that features the first open-plan research floor in a British university. This large space was created by utilizing an entire floor 20 feet below street level and illuminating it with skylights. A list of project participants, building statistics, plans, and photographs are included.|||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Instruction Drives Construction...Or Should.|References to Journal Articles|Education Week|||2008-06-30 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|||||Advocates for the consideration of instruction, technology, time, architecture, and money together when designing schools that will not become obsolete.|||Design -- Overview,Schools for the Future Instruction Drives Construction: Spaces to Support Teaching and Learning.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Kelly, Frank||2007-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|86-88||||Reviews the planning, financing, and design of the new Carl Wunsche Senior High school in the Spring, Texas, Independent School District. The futuristic school consists of three academies housing 500 students each, and responds to a renovated vision of educational programming in the district.|||Case Studies--High Schools,Schools for the Future Instructional Delivery.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Moore, Deb||2006-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|7||||Discusses the popularity, effectiveness, and modalities of distance learning and the implication it has for school facilities. Highlights the various technologies used for delivering distance education courses: interactive or static delivery via the Internet, two-way interactive video, or one-way prerecorded video.|||Classrooms--Distance Learning ,Schools for the Future Instructional Space Review Form and Information on Changes to State Building Aid. [New York]|References to Books and Other Media||Levay, Rita D.; Szuberla, Charles A.||1998-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|14|Text|New York State Department of Education, Office of Facilities Planning, Albany, NY||The New York Office of Vocational and Educational Services for Individuals with Disabilities (VESID) has created a form for school district capital projects involving the construction of new special education space. The form is included along with information on changes to State Building Aid, a new regional cost factor that allows a greater portion of the capital project to be aidable, comparative data on aidable portion of capital project, and annual state and local shares of building projected costs over 15 years. |||Funding -- State and Local ,Special Education Accomodation Insulation: A Win-Win for IAQ |References to Journal Articles|Maintenance Solutions|Casagrande, Robert||2004-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||Often overlooked, insulation can help facilities improve their indoor air quality and maximize energy efficiency. This discusses building exteriors, HVAC ducts, pipe insulation, and maximizing benefits. |||HVAC Systems,Indoor Air Quality,Maintenance and Cleaning Practices Integrate Your Plans for Energy and Maintenance.|References to Journal Articles|Buildings|O'Donnell, Patrick||2010-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|40-44|Text|||Advises on the collateral planning for energy conservation and HVAC maintenance. Routine HVAC maintenance procedures that can save energy are described and mandated.|||Energy Management,HVAC Systems,Maintenance--Preventive Integrated Classroom Lighting System: Light's Great, Less Billing.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|||2007-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|G32,G34,G36||||Describes this system, which provides school facility designers and specifiers with lighting that cuts energy use in half while providing light when and where it is needed. The system consists of indirect/direct lighting, plug and play wiring, quiet time switches, highly reflective surfaces, and flexible, easy-to-use controls.|||Energy Management,Lighting Integrated Classroom Lighting Systems: Light's Great, Less Billing.|References to Books and Other Media||||2008-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|2||California Energy Commission, Publicc Interest Energy Research Program, Sacramento||Describes energy-efficient, flexible lighting for today's classroom needs. The integrated classroom lighting system (ICLS) consists of a combination of direct and indirect light, assisted by 96 percent reflective material in the fixtures, and easy-to-use controls. |||Energy Management,Lighting Integrated Design Is Essential For LEED For Schools|References to Journal Articles|Building Operating Management|Kessler, Helen||2012-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||Describes the attributes and benefits of LEED for Schools rating system.|||Green Schools,LEED Certification Integrated Design Planning Is Key to a Healthy Classroom.|References to Journal Articles|Learning By Design|||2006-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|164|Text|||Recommends classroom orientation, proper lighting, and displacement ventilation to help achieve a healthy classroom environment.||Learning by Design; Email:|Healthy School Environments,Indoor Air Quality Integrated Doors and Elevator Lobbies: Practical Applications under the Codes.|References to Journal Articles|The Construction Specifier|Hynes, Charles||2007-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|46-48,50-52||||Discusses the use of integrated door assemblies at an elevator entrance to create an aesthetically pleasing alternative to conventional fire doors that separate an elevator lobby from a corridor. Elements of design, installation, and two examples are detailed.|||Fire Safety,Windows and Doors Integrated Existence.|References to Journal Articles|School Construction News|||2010-03-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|14-16|Text|||Discusses the design and delivery of the Cronkite School at Arizona State University. The article focuses on this joint city/university project, the time and site constraints, and the project management method.|||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Funding Partnerships,Project Management Integrated Management of Structural Pests in Schools.|References to Books and Other Media||||1994-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|||Illinois Department of Public Health, Div. of Environmental Health, Springfield, IL ||The state of Illinois is encouraging schools to better inspect and evaluate the causes of their pest infestation problems through use of the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) guidelines developed by the Illinois Department of Public Health. This guide reviews the philosophy and organization of an IPM program for structural pests in schools, identifies ways to reduce dependence on pesticides in school buildings, and discusses alternative methods for pest management. It offers a step-by-step methodology for establishing an IPM program in schools that includes educating and training of staff, inspecting and monitoring for potential problems, setting action threshold levels for pest control conditions requiring remedial action, applying IPM strategies to control pests, and evaluating results. It is noted that these guidelines are not for lawn and turf pests. Appendices provide examples of a school pest management policy statement and pest management specification. |||Pesticides and IPM,Design -- State and Local Guidelines Integrated Pest Management Checklist.|References to Books and Other Media||||2009-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|6|Text|U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC||Guides the pest control staff in assessing products, practices, and scheduling that affect indoor air quality, either positively or negatively. Indoor and outdoor preventive strategies, as well as storage and use of chemicals and recordkeeping are discussed. The checklist is used in conjunction with a background information document, found at|||Indoor Air Quality,Pesticides and IPM Integrated Sustainable Architecture.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Pender, Donald||2009-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|44,45||||Outlines four key characteristics of a sustainable school master plan: 1) supporting learning through integration of varying spaces, furnishings, and technologies; 2) putting schools at the centers of communities; 3) creating high-performance facilities; and 4) taking a long-term view.|||Community Use ,Design -- Overview,Green Schools,Planning -- Master Planning Integrated Transformation for a Growing University.|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Wight, Mark||2010-05-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|41,42,44,46-48|Text|||Addresses the challenges of coordinating multiple capital projects at a small or medium-sized college of university. The article describes integrated delivery methodology.|||Project Delivery Methods,Project Management Integrating Daylighting and Electrical Lighting for Premium Efficiency and Performance.|References to Books and Other Media||Epstein, Gary; McGowan, Brian; Birleanu, Daniel||2002-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|15||United States Green Building Council, Washington, DC||Presents an approach to lighting design that integrates daylighting and artificial lighting, thereby facilitating efficiency and performance. Properly designed systems allow high performance electrical lighting and daylighting to work together to provide optimal lighting performance. Glare, uniformity, wall illumination, levels, color rendering, temperature, power density, automatic controls, lamp selection, and building design are all discussed in the context of natural and artificial light. Two case studies and five references are included. |||Daylighting,Lighting Integrating Education, Health, and Social Services: A New Role for Delaware's Schools? |References to Books and Other Media|| VanSciver, James H.; Bhaerman, Robert ||1995-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|7|Text|Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA||This paper reports on recommendations resulting from a 1994 conference conducted by the Delaware Rural Assistance Council on Designing Rural Schools as Community Learning and Service Centers. Specifically, the purpose of the conference was to develop information, insights, and plans that would help the staffs of educational, health, and social service agencies make decisions leading to better coordination of rural community services. Participants included administrators, teachers, counselors, nurses, support staff, and school board members from rural school districts in Delaware and representatives of community health and social services agencies. A number of key concepts and recommendations were generated, dealing with identifying stakeholders involved in the process of designing rural schools as community learning and service centers; identifying the essential needs of children, youth, and families; developing initial action plans; and exploring ways in which existing county interagency councils can work more closely with schools. Twenty-five recommendations directed toward the Delaware RAC, school districts, and community service agencies cover advocacy, networking, and planning strategies for integrating services in rural school districts.|||Community Use ,Rural School Facility Issues Integrating Infrastructure Planning: The Role of Schools.|References to Journal Articles|Access|McKoy, Deborah; Vincent, Jeffrey; Makarewicz, Carrie||2008-10-01 00:00:00.0|Season|18-26||||Discusses the ways in which schools affect urban development and transportation, acknowledging that their location, design, and physical condition may be some of the most important determinants of neighborhood vitality. The article presents three key recommendations to align school planning with broader infrastructure planning and investment.|||Community Development and Schools,Parking and Transportation Issues,Site Selection Integrating School Security Systems.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Floreno, Jeff||2009-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|32-34|Text|||Discusses the benefits of converging surveillance technology with IT infrastructure, with an emphasis on converting existing analog equipment to digital and networking the technology for staff-wide and public safety personnel access.|||Access Control Systems,Safety and Security--PK-12 Integrating Schools into Healthy Community Design.|References to Books and Other Media||||2007-05-02 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|9|Text|National Governors Association, Washington, DC||Examines state policies on school siting, school construction financing, and Safe Routes to School programs focusing on how policies can benefit communities, improve children's health, and reduce the need for infrastructure expansion. Strategies that states are using include reducing or eliminating minimum acreage requirements for schools, revising school funding formulas to promote renovation or expansion of existing sites. requiring that schools be located in areas designated for growth that already have sufficient existing infrastructure to support school facilities; and creating, funding, promoting, and implementing Safe Routes to School Programs.|||Community Development and Schools,Planning -- Master Planning,Planning -- Overview,Site Selection,Smart Growth and Schools Integrating Sustainability as a Learning Tool.|References to Journal Articles|Educational Facility Planner|Shiver, Steven; Dale, John||2011-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|11-13|Text|||Profiles Renton Secondary Learning Center near Seattle, and the Mothers' Club Family Learning Center in Pasadena, California. Both facilities engage the occupants in ongoing environmental stewardship beyond the LEED certification that the buildings received upon completion.|||Green Schools,Schools as a Teaching Tool Integrating Sustainability Programs into the Facilities Capital Planning Process.|References to Journal Articles|Facilities Manager|Buchanan, Susan||2011-03-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|24-27|Text|||Advises on how to select sustainability initiatives for inclusion into the capital planning process. Considerations include the institutions mission, opportunities for improved efficiency in conservation, maintenance, and operations, and long-range planning. Facility condition assessments are vital to evaluating opportunities.|||Capital Improvement Programs,Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION Integration Patterns of Learning Technologies.|References to Books and Other Media||Elmasry, Sarah Khalil ||2007-09-10 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|139p. |Text|Dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University||This research proposes sets of design patterns of learning environments as an innovative approach towards an intelligent architectural design process. These patterns are based on teachers' spatial and pedagogical use of their learning environments. The study is based in the desired condition that learning environments are expected to host learning technologies efficiently, to adapt to the fact that its life span is much longer than that of any technology within it, and to accommodate a variation of teaching modes and learning styles. In an effort to address these issues; calls for designing flexible learning spaces have emerged, as well as recommendations for alternative layouts. Yet, more challenging questions emerge; how efficiently do these technologies integrate with other systems in the classroom space? What should architects and facility planners consider for a successful systems' integration which incorporates learning technologies in the design of the classroom space? And how can these spaces support variations in pedagogical practice. This study attempts to answer these questions by developing a pattern language to support the early design phases of a technology-rich learning environment. [Author's abstract]|||Design -- Overview,Impact of Facilities on Learning--Research Studies Integrity-Based Budgeting.|References to Journal Articles|Facilities Manager|Kaleba, Frank||2008-11-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|20-24|Text|||Discusses issues critical to the evolution of facilities data integrity, being the compatibility, coordination, and timeliness of data from institutions with multiple buildings.|||Facilities Management--HIGHER EDUCATION,Maintenance--Preventive Intellectual Capital.|References to Journal Articles|Urban Land|Egan, Nancy; Nakazawa, Paul ||2004-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|72-78||||The physical developments at powerful urban universities are reshaping metropolitan culture and character. Case studies of new buildings at MIT in Cambridge, Massachusetts, Philadelphia's University City area, the Cooper Union campus in New York City, and campus redevelopment at the Illinois Institute of Technology. |||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Urban School Facility Issues Intelligent Building Ventilation Creates Greener, More Economical Lab Buildings.|References to Journal Articles|Laboratory Design|Brierley, Robert||2010-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|8,9|Text|||Makes the case that the most advanced studies in ventilation indicate strongest benefits from demand control ventilation (DCV), which continuously measures the indoor environmental quality and then varies the amount of air brought into the lab throughout the day. DCV enables the system to not only save energy when occupancy levels are now and the air is clean, but also to increase the fresh air supply when needed to dilute contaminants.|||Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION,HVAC Systems,Indoor Air Quality,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Intelligent Campus Buildings for the Information Age|References to Journal Articles|Facilities Manager|Caloz, Jack||2000-05-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|25-28||||Discusses three information age trends that have colleges and universities re-examining their campus infrastructure flexibility to support these wireless communication needs. Trends examined are information technology; increased demand for flexible, technology- focused teaching spaces; and increased systems' interconnectivity. |||Teacher Workspaces,Technology Integration--HIGHER EDUCATION Intelligent Design.|References to Journal Articles|Security Management|Keller, Dan||2005-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|||||Advocates for leadership from security directors in developing security standards for campus building projects and provides an overview of how the process should work. Whom to involve, what is involved, and the benefits of proper planning are outlined. Brief discussions of CPTED, system integration, liability, standardization of elements, and situational guides are followed by a summary of what a the final security standard should include. |||CPTED for Schools,Safety and Security--PK-12 Intelligent Illumination. [Project Profile: Parking Structure Retrofits.]|References to Journal Articles|Maintenance Solutions|Matt, Chris||2010-09-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|11,12|Text|||Profiles an extensive energy-saving project at the University of California-Davis. The project concentrated on upgrading parking and roadway lighting to bi-level induction and LED fixtures.|||Energy Management--HIGHER EDUCATION,Lighting,Parking and Transportation Issues Intelligent Skins.|References to Books and Other Media||Wigginton, Michale; Harris, Jude|ISBN-0750648473|2002-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|184 p. ||Butterworth Architectural Press||This introduces a new approach to Intelligent Buildings. The prime objective is to control internal environments through a responsive building fabric rather than by energy conserving building services systems. The authors examine the potential for integral intelligence within the fabric of the building and explore the evolution of information technology and smart materials which have allowed a whole new category of design principles to be created. Includes international case studies. |||Energy Management,Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION,Green Schools Interactive Whiteboards in 1:1 Learning Environments: Defining Public and Private Learning Spaces in the Classroom.|References to Books and Other Media||||2008-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|9p. |Text|SMART Technologies ULC||This white paper examines the critical role played by interactive whiteboards in 1:1 classrooms, particularly in the way they support differentiated or personalized learning.|||Classrooms,Interactive Whiteboards Interactive Whiteboards.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Meissner, Rob||2006-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|24-26|Text|||Describes a variety of ways that teachers use interactive whiteboards to engage students; display complex images, photographs, and websites; and the whiteboard's ability to appeal to a range of learning styles.|||Interactive Whiteboards,Technology Integration, K-12 1990-2007 Interactive Whiteboards.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Kollie, Ellen||2008-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|88-90||||Explains features of interactive whiteboards, illustrated with cases where they have helped students who are mildly learning disabled, autistic, or have low test scores.|||Interactive Whiteboards,Technology Integration, K-12 2008-2012 Interactive Whiteboards: Assistive Technology for Every Classroom.|References to Journal Articles|Today's School|Basilicato, Alfred||2005-03-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|44,45||||Cites the versatility of interactive whiteboards as learning tools for students with or without disabilities, as the whiteboards can accommodate tactile, audio, and visual learning styles. Advice on selecting a product is offered, with the emphasis on considering and involving the end user in the selection process. Includes eight references.|||Interactive Whiteboards,Special Education Accomodation Interdisciplinary Coordination Reviews: A Process to Reduce Construction Costs.|References to Journal Articles|Facilities Manager|Fewell, Dennis A.||1998-03-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|42-43,45,47-48||||Interdisciplinary Coordination design review is instrumental in detecting coordination errors and omissions in construction documents. Cleansing construction documents of interdisciplinary coordination errors reduces time extensions, the largest source of change orders, and limits exposure to liability claims. Improving the quality of design documents is discussed. |||Construction Costs,Project Management Interdisciplinary Lab Fits Tough Site, Ambitious Goals.|References to Journal Articles|Laboratory Design|Higginbotham, Julie||2008-05-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|1,2,4-6,8,9||||Profiles Indiana University's Simon Hall, designed as an interdisciplinary facility and built to harmonize with the Collegiate Gothic setting. About 40% of the building's square footage is underground, thus preserving a much-beloved open space and adjacent grove of mature trees. Photographs and plans are included.|||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Interdistrict Downtown School, Minneapolis|References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|Hammel, Bette||1999-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|114-117||||Describes a Minneapolis urban school design based on diversity of the public magnet school's students and community integration. Design data, photos, and floor plans are included. |||Case Studies--Community Schools,Case Studies--K-12 Schools,Urban School Facility Issues Interesting Developments.|References to Journal Articles|Campus Technology|McDonough, Andy||2008-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|16,18,20|Text|||Discusses trends in digital projector technology, citing the features and installation criteria of DLP, LCD, and hybrid LCoS devices. Wireless and ultra-short-throw projectors are also discussed.|||Technology Integration, K-12 2008-2012,Technology Integration--HIGHER EDUCATION,Technology--Wireless Networks Interface between Educational Facilities and Learning Climate in Three Northern Alabama K-2 Elementary Schools.|References to Books and Other Media||Yielding, AC||1993-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|340|Text|Dissertation, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa||This study was designed to observe, record, and describe the interface between educational facilities and learning climate in three elementary schools, comparing the results with results from a 1990 study. Study instruments included the Classroom Spatial Utilization and Migration Observation Form and the Teachers' Educational Facility Perception Questionnaire. Data analysis indicated that school facility had a definite impact on total learning climate. Specific physical features (space, equipment, maintenance, appearance, comfort, and general physical arrangement) had the ability to positively or negatively impact learning climate. Teachers had specific preferences regarding safety, aesthetic, instructional, and equipment features of their classroom. Results found that architectural features and general schematic arrangements relative to the physical location of the school could affect the learning climate in the area of safety and aesthetics. The open space (pod) design negatively impacted the learning climate in the area of comfort and space. Student movement in the classroom and school was affected by available space, learning centers, equipment, and other materials. Space outside the building had to be properly allocated for the ingress and ingress of vehicles and loading and unloading of students to ensure safety at all times.|||Impact of Facilities on Learning,Impact of Facilities on Learning--Research Studies,Teacher Workspaces Intergenerational Learning Center.|References to Journal Articles|Architecture|||2005-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|44,45|Text|||Describes Chicago housing for seniors that includes a dining hall, library, fitness facility, and Head Start facility for residents who have custody of their grandchildren. |||Early Learning Facilities,Senior Citizens and Schools Intergovernmental Collaboration and School Facility Siting.|References to Books and Other Media||||2006-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|31||University of North Carolina, Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Chapel Hill||Summarizes the May 3, 2006 Summit on Intergovernmental Collaboration and School Siting, addressing communication and collaboration between school boards and local governments in selecting sites for schools. The goal of the summit was to create an open dialogue between school boards and local governments while building a model of collaboration that key stakeholders can use to coordinate local land use, school funding, and school planning. The report details the participants' plans for advancing their collaboration, organized along five themes: institutionalizing collaborative processes, creating a common goal and vision, establishing a culture of trust, improving communication and information, and changing policy.|||Community Development and Schools,Community Participation in Planning,Planning -- Master Planning,Site Selection Intergovernmental Cooperation in Parks and Recreation.|References to Books and Other Media||||1999-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|||Municipal Research & Services Center of Washington, Seattle||Cooperative efforts can eliminate unnecessary duplication of services, reduce overall park and recreation costs, and can more effectively allow taxes to meet the educational, recreational, and leisure time needs of a region. This page provides sample interlocal agreements for services and facilities related to parks and recreation in the state of Washington.|||Community Use - Policy and Agreements,Funding Partnerships Interim Analysis of School Facility Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Including Expenditures through January 5, 2010.|References to Books and Other Media||||2010-02-08 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy||Text|21st Century School Fund ||This brief report highlights initial findings related to the following questions: (1) How much disparity exists in school facility spending by state and locality?; (2) How were school facilities addressed in the American Recovery & Reinvestment Act?; (3) What has happened to our nation's school facilities as a result of ARRA provisions?; and (4) Which schools and which students benefited from ARRA expenditures? |||Funding -- Federal,Funding -- Tax Credit Bonds Interim Biohazard Emergency Response Procedures, University of Missouri-Columbia.|References to Books and Other Media||||2001-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|16|Text|University of Missouri-Columbia||Presents guidelines for laboratory personnel in the event of a spill or release of Biological Safety Level 2 agents in their laboratory. Immediate response actions are followed by detailed actions that include exiting and sealing the area, cleanup, re-entry, reporting, investigation, risk assessment, spill kits, and transportation of materials.|||Hazardous Materials,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Interior Design: Challenges and Solutions.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|||1999-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|64,65,68,69||||Presents solutions to architectural challenges in school interior design that made the indoor environments more conducive and attractive for learning. Four challenges are addressed: making a long corridor look less like a tunnel; maintaining tradition and minimizing cost in a new athletic facility; designing a kindergarten that is secure and flexible; and improving lighting in an urban school. |||Design -- Overview,Impact of Facilities on Learning Interior Design's Role in Educational Specifications|References to Journal Articles|Educational Facility Planner|Keller, Mary Ann||1986-01-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months||Text||| This article suggests the importance of good interior design has been underplayed in school projects and should be considered by planners and architects. Because of cost constraints this valuable service has been deleted from school projects. Interior design can provide furniture & furnishings within the budget at the same time addressing the aesthetics of the project. |||Educational Specifications,Furnishings Interior Painting and Indoor Air Quality in Schools. Technical Bulletin. |References to Books and Other Media||Jacobs, Bruce W.||1994-03-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|9|Text|Maryland Department of Education, School Facilities Branch, Baltimore, MD||The document presents an overview of paint formulations and the functional quality of different paints, paying special attention to the volatile organic compounds present in some paints. Contaminant sources such as the solvents used in paints and the emission rates of various paints are also detailed. The different factors that affect comfort and health, such as accumulated exposure, and what the standards and regulations are regarding human exposure are also covered. Administrators can use several control methods to enhance the IAQ in schools through careful paint selection, which includes checking the age of the paint, never using exterior paint inside a building, and ensuring that the paint is rated for the surface(s) to be painted. Communicating with those involved in the project; paint selection; developing a work plan; having adequate ventilation; and clean-up, proper disposal, and storage are control methods that are emphasized.|||Hazardous Materials,Indoor Air Quality Interior Renovation.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|||2006-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|99-111|Text|||Presents twelve K-12 and higher education interior renovations selected for the American School & University 2006 Educational Interiors Showcase. The projects were chosen for their creative renovations and use of existing conditions, engaging and delightful spaces, use of natural light and sustainable materials, technology integration, functionality, and flexibility. Building statistics, a list of project participants, and photographs are included.|||Awards 1990-2007,Renovations Interior Renovation.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|||2005-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|111-117|Text|||Presents seven school interior renovation projects selected for the American School & University 2005 Educational Interiors Showcase. The projects were selected for their functionality, sustainability, craftsmanship, cost-effectiveness, and community connection. Building statistics, designer information, and photographs are included.|||Awards 1990-2007,Renovations Interior Renovation.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|||2008-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|99-109||||Profiles 11 K-12 and higher education interior renovations that were recognized in the American School and University Magazine's Educational Interiors Showcase. The projects were selected for their sustainability, character, long-term appropriateness of materials and colors, innovation, adaptability, collaborative spaces, and safety. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.|||Awards 2008-2012,Renovations Interior Renovation.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|||2007-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|103-114|Text|||Profiles eleven interior renovations honored in American School and University Magazine's Educational Interiors Showcase. The K-12 and higher education projects were selected for their high performance principles, innovation, functionality, contextual relationship, humanism, and building quality. Photographs and building statistics accompany a brief description of each project.|||Awards 1990-2007,Renovations Interior Renovation.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|||2009-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|86-95||||Profiles eight interior renovation projects selected for the 2009 American School and University Magazine Education Interiors Showcase. The projects were chosen for their ability to integrate current and future technology, innovative use of materials, life-cycle cost versus first cost, timelessness, safety and security, clarity of design concept, and accommodation of an enhanced educational mission. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.|||Awards 2008-2012,Renovations Interior Work in Progress.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|||2009-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|96-98||||Profiles three interior renovation projects selected for the 2009 American School and University Magazine Education Interiors Showcase. The projects were chosen for their ability to integrate current and future technology, innovative use of materials, life-cycle cost versus first cost, timelessness, safety and security, clarity of design concept, and accommodation of an enhanced educational mission. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.|||Awards 2008-2012,Renovations International Facility Management Association |Related Web Sites|||||mmm yyyy||Text|||IFMA is a membership organization for individual professional and associate facility professionals that offers professional certification, a bi-monthly journal, a monthly newsletter, professional development programs, local chapter services, a library services department, and job placement services. IFMA also sponsors academic research, compiles statistics and sells publications.|||Facilities Management,Facilities Management--HIGHER EDUCATION,Maintenance and Operations Costs International Green Construction Code.|References to Books and Other Media||||2010-03-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|International Code Council (ICC), the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), and the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES)||The IGCC represents the merger of two national efforts to develop adoptable and enforceable green building codes. The International Green Construction Code (IGCC) provides a set of requirements intended to reduce the negative impact of buildings on the natural environment. The IGCC was developed with the intent to be consistent and coordinated with the ICC family of Codes & Standards: the I-Codes. It is applicable to the construction of high performance commercial buildings, structures,and systems, including existing buildings subject to alterations and additions, utilizing both traditional and innovative construction practices. |||Green Schools,Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION International Meeting on Helping Schools Prepare for and Respond to Terrorist Attacks.|References to Books and Other Media||||2002-02-13 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|14p.||Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France.||Proceedings of an international meeting focusing on helping schools plan and respond to terrorist attacks. The meeting took place on February 13 and 14, 2002, in Washington, D.C., and was hosted by the U.S. Department of Education, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, and the U.S. State Department. The purpose of the meeting was to gain a better understanding of how other countries have dealt with the issue of possible attacks on schools and students; to look at the impact of such events; to explore lessons learned; to identify what works and what doesn't; and to develop an informal sharing group of international educators and others who work with security and crisis management issues. |||Preparedness for Disasters -- Overview,Preparedness for School Shootings or Terrorism International Pilot Study on the Evaluation of Quality in Educational Spaces (EQES).|References to Books and Other Media||||2009-05-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|71|Text|Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Centre for Effective Learning Environments, Paris, France||Provides a guide for those involved in the International Pilot Study on the Evaluation of Quality in Educational Spaces (EQES): national coordinators and research teams, teaching staff, students, school principals, and others. The purpose of this pilot project is to assist education authorities, schools and others to maximize the use of and investment in educational spaces. The manual describes four research tools: 1) priority-rating exercise for quality performance objectives, 2) educational facility analysis. 3) student and teaching staff questionnaires, and 4) focus groups. For each tool, this manual presents the tool's objectives, research questions, expected response time, step-by-step instructions on how to implement the tool, and presentation of results in the final report.|||Classrooms,Condition of Schools,Design -- International,Facilities Assessment International Workshop on Educational Infrastructure: Conclusions.|References to Books and Other Media||||2002-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|31||(Summary of Proceedings, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, February 24-27, 2002). Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Programme on Educational Building, Paris, France||This document summarizes themes developed and conclusions from the International Workshop on Educational Infrastructure. The opening topic was “Delivering Education and Training in the Knowledge Society.” It was clear to participants that educational infrastructure must go hand-in-hand with reengineering processes to adjust to the needs of the social environment. Four working groups explored the issues, considering human resources, new technologies, and the requirements that educational facilities meet the needs of future students. The second theme, “Monitoring and Evaluation of Public Policies for Educational Infrastructure,” considered the criteria for investment and education development policies, the role of central government in decentralized education policies, and alternative sources for financing the rehabilitation, major maintenance, or refurbishing of existing buildings or facilities. Three working groups discussed these issues, and general agreement was reached that major investment is required in the majority of schools in most participating countries to restore optimal functionality and security, that infrastructure issues cannot be regarded in isolation, and that it is necessary to establish networks of cooperation and exchange of information and experience. The third theme, “Promoting and Disseminating Good Practice in the Planning and Management of Educational Facilities,” focused on strategic capital investment and described the experience of Nordic countries in the construction of school buildings and a program to improve school facilities in Bolivia. Four working groups explored these issues further. |||Design -- International,Schools for the Future Internet Magic.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Fickes, Michael||2004-03-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|36-40||||Discusses ways that the Internet can be used to manage school construction, post student grades, integrate security devices, and contact parents.|||Project Management,Safety and Security--PK-12 Interstitial Practices.|References to Journal Articles|Canadian Architect|Castro, Ricardo||2004-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|24-27|Text|||Describes McGill University's transformation of a service lane into Tomlinson Square, an interstitial courtyard that physically and symbolically links science, medicine, engineering, and information technology buildings. Project statistics, plans, photographs, and an axonometric view are included.|||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Landscape Design Interview with John Weekes, AIA.|References to Books and Other Media||||2008-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy||Audio|American Institute of Architects||Presents an audio-only interview with school architect John Weekes, in which he discusses the need for school construction due to a history of neglect of buildings and population shifts that require new facilities in developing areas. Also discussed are key design elements of effective schools, schools as a community centers, school size, technology integration, safety, sustainable design, high performance learning environments, and resources for architects interested in school design.|||Design -- Overview,Schools for the Future Into the Light.|References to Journal Articles|School Construction News|Crawford, Matthew||2008-03-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|16|Text|||Discusses the advantage of solar power for schools, where it will yield an educational benefit as well as lower energy costs. Types of solar panels and challenges to installing solar are also addressed.|||Energy Management,Energy Management--Renewable Energy Into the Wild: Campus Site Furnishings.|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|O'Connor, Shannon||2009-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|F8,F10,F12,F14,F16||||Discusses selection of outdoor campus furniture, emphasizing durability, low-maintenance, immobility, ADA compliance, standardizing furnishings across a campus, and warranties.|||Furnishings,Landscape Design Introduction to Natural and Man-made Disasters and their Effects on Buildings.|References to Books and Other Media||McDonald, Roxanna|ISBN-0-7506-56700|2003-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|240||Elsevier, Architectural Press, Burlington, MA||Provides guidance with all types of natural and man-made disasters and their effect on buildings. The forces of various disasters are described, along with a basic technical understanding of prevention, mitigation, and management of each with a checklist of preventive design elements for each situation. Case studies accompany each disaster type, illustrating information crucial for designing buildings with disaster prevention in mind. A special emphasis is placed on re-building as an opportunity to start over. ||Elsevier Inc. Science & Technology, 200 Wheeler Road, Burlington, MA, 01803; Tel: 781-221-2212, Fax: 781-313-4880 |Preparedness for Disasters -- Overview,Preparedness for Natural Disasters Introduction to NBC Terrorism. An Awareness Primer and Preparedness Guide for Emergency Responders.|References to Books and Other Media||Heyer, Robert J. ||2001-10-15 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|15p||The Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Response Association, Longmont, CO.||This primer in intended to provide an awareness-level introduction to the subject of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons (NBC) for first responders and community officials who need to be ready to deal with any possible situation quickly, efficiently and professionally. This provides enough basic information for responders to safeguard themselves and those for whom they are responsible. This material is also suitable for use as talking points for public information officers and those training or educating volunteer organizations or the general public.|||Preparedness for Disasters -- Overview,Preparedness for School Shootings or Terrorism Inventory: Low-Hanging Savings.|References to Journal Articles|Maintenance Solutions|Gager, Andrew||2010-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|12|Text|||Advises on computerize inventory management for facility supplies, noting the features that it can provide and the benefits to flow, economical purchasing, and a reliable supply of correct parts. Supply vending machines and radio frequency identification (RFID) of parts and personnel are also discussed. |||Facilities Management,Facilities Management Software,Maintenance and Operations Costs Invest Now Or Pay Later.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Biehle, James T.||2000-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|46-47||Primedia Intertec, Overland Park, KS||Discusses how architects and school districts can learn from the past to avoid repeating costly mistakes. Addressed are architectural fees and the importance of not severely reducing time and cost spent in design to help ensure better facility performance later. Life-cycle costs are described.|||Selecting Design Professionals,Life Cycle Costs Investigating and Diagnosing Moisture Problems.|References to Journal Articles|ASHRAE Journal|Lstiburek, Joseph||2002-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|p36-41||||Water comes in four forms: solid, liquid, vapor and adsorbed. All four forms can cause grief to building owners, designers, and contractors. When water causes building problems, investigating and diagnosing the problem can be challenging because water constantly changes it form inside a building and within its materials. The investigator must hunt down the water by thinking like water.|||HVAC Systems,Mold,Roof Repair and Maintenance Investigating Multimodal Interactions for the Design of Learning Environments: A Case Study in Science Learning.|References to Books and Other Media||Anastopoulou, Stamatina||2004-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|224|Text|University of Birmingham, United Kingdom||This thesis focuses on multimodal interactions for the design of a learning environment, analyzing the structure of the interactive space between the learner and the content to be learnt, and introducing a framework to structure it. It proposes that multimodal interactions can encourage rhythmic cycles of engagement and reflection that enhance learners' meaning construction in science concepts, such as forces and motion'. The framework was the outcome of an iterative process of analysis and synthesis between existing theories and three studies with learners of different ages. Through these theory-informed studies, the significance of physical manipulation of objects and symbols through the employment of multiple modalities was emphasized as a way to facilitate learners' meaning construction, engagement and reflection.|||Impact of Facilities on Learning,Impact of Facilities on Learning--Research Studies Investigating the Behaviors of the Elementary School Students in Reference to Factors Associated with Daylight. |References to Books and Other Media||Majid, Seied et al||2011-03-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|12p. |Text|Asian Social Science||There is no simple guide to human behavior which architects can use but recommendations rather an understanding of the principles of behavior and of man's interactions with buildings. To investigate the Behaviors of the Elementary School Students, the attitudes and behaviors towards the visual environment of three hundred and fifty primary school students were studied in eleven schools of varying design, with particular reference to factors associated with daylight and fenestration. The survey included social issues, personality characteristics of the primary school students and the varying visual characteristics of the buildings including photometric studies. Considerable proportions of students choose to work or sit near windows, the chief factor being the amount of daylight. View content, view out and nature are important. The most popular children occupy favored window places. Space and comfort both thermal and visual are important. Gender separation is natural. [Authors' abstract] |||Daylighting,Impact of Facilities on Learning--Research Studies,Impact of Green Schools on Learning Investing in Our Children's Future: Building Sustainable Environmental Health Programs in Our Schools.|References to Books and Other Media|Educational Facility Planner|Grevatt, Peter||2011-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|29-31|Text|||Reviews major tenets concerning the contribution of a healthy school environment to academic achievement. Ten references are included.|||Green Schools,Healthy School Environments Investment in School Infrastructure As a Critical Educational Capacity Issue: A National Study.|References to Books and Other Media||Crampton, Faith||2007-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|18|Text|Council of Educational Facility Planners International, Scottsdale, AZ||Illustrates a research model that links human capital, social capital, and physical capital as elements that work together to enhance student achievement. Data for the study was gathered from the U.S. Census Bureau Data, the Common Core of Data from the U.S. Department of Education, and NAEP data on student achievement. With the negative effects of poverty controlled for, investment in human, social, and physical capital explains a large percentage of the variation in student achievement. Investments in teacher compensation (human capital) and instructional support (social capital) demonstrated larger effects than investments in school infrastructure (physical capital), but all were statistically significant.||Council of Educational Facility Planners International (CEFPI)|Impact of Facilities on Learning,Impact of Facilities on Learning--Research Studies Involving People Is Not Hard: It Makes Educational Sense, It's about Value for Money, It's about Ownership.|References to Books and Other Media||Gourlay, James||2006-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|42|Text|School Works, London, United Kingdom||Presents case studies of ten British early childhood facilities that involved the community in the design process, where decisions were being made as to what services the facilities would provide. For each school, the varying goals and issues of the participants are presented, along with a description of the consultations that occurred and key design features of the completed facility.|||Community Participation in Planning,Design -- United Kingdom,Early Learning Facilities Involving Principals in School Renovations: Benefit or Burden? |References to Journal Articles|Journal of Education Finance|Brent, Brian O.; Cianca, Marie ||2001-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|p729-40||||Examines the nature and extent of principal involvement in school renovation, assesses costs and benefits thereof, and reviews principal training in school renovation. |||Community Participation in Planning,Construction Costs,Project Management,Renovations Inward Looking: At MIT, a Design Team Strives to Build a Better Historic Masonry Envelope|References to Journal Articles|Green Source|Sokol, David||2012-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||Describes modernization of a three-and-a-half-story laboratory building completed in 1917, and transferred to MIT shortly after its designation as a National Historic Landmark in 1976. the project focused on improving the performance of the historic building envelope.|||Preserving Higher Education Campuses,Renovations Iowa Demonstration Construction Grant Program (Harkin Grant)|Related Web Sites|||||mmm yyyy|||||The Iowa Demonstration Construction Grant Program was proposed by Senator Tom Harkin of Iowa and originally authorized by Title III of Public Law 105-78 for $8,000,000 becoming effective September 28, 1998. Subsequently the grant has become known as Harkin Grants with Congress authorizing annual allocations of $10,000,000, $9,249,813, $9,000,000, $50,000,000, $6,954,499, $6,958,699, $14,880,000 and $4,789,834, with grant periods running through September 30, 2011. The purpose of the program is to help Iowa school districts correct fire safety problems and to help school districts leverage local resources to construct new schools or remodel, modernize existing buildings. Approximately 35 percent of the available funds have been allocated each year for addressing fire safety issues and 65 percent for construction. |||Funding -- Federal,Funding -- State and Local ,Funding Options -- Overview Iowa Floods Test Mount Mercy's Emergency Management Plan.|References to Journal Articles|Campus Safety|Altorfer, Molly; Jones, Stacey||2008-09-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|52,54-56|Text|||Reviews this college's response to 2008 flooding in Cedar Rapids, including closing the campus to regular activities so that they could host first responders and the Red Cross, who were tending to the emergency.|||Assessing School Facilities Damaged by Natural Disasters,Preparedness for Natural Disasters Iowa School-Building Boom May Yield Little in Way of Bonds|References to Journal Articles|Bond Buyer|Ward, Andrew||1999-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|p44||||Iowa schools are gearing up to spend several hundred million dollars for school construction projects in the next decade, but investors shouldn't count on them to issue a lot of bonds in the process.|||Bond Issues and Campaigns,Funding -- State and Local Iran's School Earthquake Safety Initiative.|References to Journal Articles|Regional Development Dialogue|Parsizadeh, Parokh; Ghafory-Schtiany, Mohsen; Hesmati, Vida; Seif, Ali-Ehsan||2007-10-01 00:00:00.0|Season|35-49|Text|||Emphasizes the importance of Iran's school earthquake safety initiative due to the young age structure of Iran and the loss of schoolchildren during earthquakes. The authors detail the formal and informal education processes which occur in Iran for earthquake safety, including publications, school earthquake safety councils, extra-curricular activities, competitions, workshops, continuing education, school building safety, and the annual national earthquake safety drill. An assessment of these programs is included, demonstrating their effectiveness.|||Preparedness for Disasters -- Overview,Preparedness for Natural Disasters,Seismic Design and Retrofit for Schools Ireland's Cherry Orchard National School.|References to Journal Articles|PEB Exchange|||2007-05-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|||||Describes this recently completed primary school, illustrating how architecture can contribute to creating a safe and warm environment in a distressed area, and can meet the particular needs of the student community. The article presents the architectural description and comments from the school's Board of Management.|||Case Studies--Elementary Schools,Design -- International,Urban School Facility Issues Ireland's Refurbished St. John's Central College.|References to Journal Articles|PEB Exchange|Mulrooney, Sarah||2006-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|22,23||||Describes this renovated facility which offers vocational and technical training to adults and secondary school graduates. The conveniently-located site was occupied by several dilapidated 1906's-era buildings and some protected historic structures. Construction of a four-storey building and removal of a boundary wall created a visibility for the campus that more accurately reflects its position as a vital community resource.|||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Career and Technical Education Irritants and Allergens at School in Relation to Furnishings and Cleaning|References to Journal Articles|Indoor Air|Smedje G.; Norbäck D||2001-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|p127-133||||In order to study the influence of furnishings and cleaning on the indoor air quality at school, 181 randomly chosen classrooms were investigated. The amounts of open shelves, textiles and other fittings were noted, data were gathered on cleaning routines, and a number of pollutants were measured in the classrooms. In classrooms with more fabrics there was more settled dust and the concentration of formaldehyde was higher. Classrooms with more open shelves had more formaldehyde, and more pet allergens in settled dust, and classrooms with a white board, instead of a chalk board, were less dusty. Classrooms mainly cleaned through wet mopping had more airborne viable bacteria but less settled dust than classrooms mainly cleaned by dry methods. In rooms where the desks and curtains were more often cleaned, the concentrations of cat and dog allergen in settled dust were lower. It is concluded that furnishings and textiles in the classroom act as significant reservoirs of irritants and allergens and have an impact on the indoor air quality at school. Furnishings and textiles act as reservoirs of irritants and allergens and are of importance for the indoor air quality at school. The amount of such fittings should be minimised. Cleaning could be helpful in reducing the concentration of allergen. In schools without textile flooring, it would seem important to improve the cleaning of furniture and fabrics |||Green Cleaning,Healthy School Environments,Indoor Air Quality,Maintenance and Cleaning Practices IRS Releases Guidance on ARRA Bond Provisions.|References to Books and Other Media||||2009-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|Internal Revenue Services, United States Department of the Treasury|,,id=206034,00.html|The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) created several new types of tax-exempt bonds and tax credit bonds under the Internal Revenue Code. The latest guidance, forms and information on the ARRA bond provisions is available at links on this webpage, including Qualified School Construction Bonds, Build America Bonds, Qualified Zone Academy Bonds, various energy bonds,and Tribal Economic Development bonds. Information on Davis-Bacon is included. |||Funding -- Federal,Funding -- Tax Credit Bonds Irving K. Barber Learning Centre, University of British Columbia.|References to Books and Other Media||Neame, Simon; Lomas, Cyprien|ISBN-0-9672853-7-2|2006-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|38.1-38.8|Text|Educause, Boulder, CO||Profiles this blend of new and refurbished space that serves at a library addition for the University. The building houses collection, meeting, and social spaces, including a lecture hall, classrooms, seminar rooms, cafe. These spaces host programs for the faculty, staff, and general public. The chapter describes the spaces and how they are used, what makes them successful, how technology is used, design principles, and what is unique about them.|||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Library Facilities--HIGHER EDUCATION Is a Monolithic Dome in Your District's Future|References to Journal Articles|School Business Affairs|Lanham, Carol||2000-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|p37-40||||Monolithic domes are less costly to build than traditional structures and can cost as much as 50 percent less to heat and cool. Districts across the country that have opted for monolithic-dome school facilities say their decision was a cost-effective alternative to conventional construction. Provides case studies of school districts in Arkansas, Florida, Minnesota, Arizona, and Idaho that have opted to build these round, steel-reinforced concrete structures. |||Construction Costs Is Classrooms for the Future Changing Teaching and Learning in Pennsylvania Schools? A Preliminary Report on the First Few Months.|References to Books and Other Media||Peck, Kyle; Clasuen, Robin; Byers, Celina; Fidishun, Delores; Murray, Orrin; Stoicescu, Christian||2007-08-31 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|77|Text|Pennsylvania Dept. of Education, Harrisburg||Reviews preliminary results of Pennsylvania's Classrooms for the Future program, a three-year effort to provide laptop computers, high-speed Internet access, state-of-the-art software, and intensive teacher training and support to high school classrooms across the state in the core subjects of English, math, science, and social studies. Observers and students reported that teachers spent significantly less time in whole-class lectures and more time interacting with small groups and individual students. Teachers reported that students spent significantly more time working in groups and that the physical setup of classrooms often changed to accommodate more collaborative student learning. There was a notable shift in the nature of assignments given to students toward real world topics and toward teaching styles in which students participate in hands-on projects. A before-and-after analysis indicated students using the technology tools in learning spent significantly less time off task and that there was a significant increase in the level of engagement.|||Impact of Facilities on Learning,Schools for the Future,Technology Integration, K-12 1990-2007 Is College Construction Keeping Up With Enrollment Increases?|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Zeisler, Al; Abramson, Paul||2000-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|52-55||||Assesses whether college administrators are planning and building adequately to meet the the educational demand for space over the next 20 years. Trends in construction dollars expenditures over the past two decades are presented.|||Construction Costs,Space Requirements Is Generic Really the Answer? Post-occupancy Assessments Reveal How Users Really Work in Labs.|References to Journal Articles|Laboratory Design|Burke, Wendy; Walston, Cynthia, Baughman, Jane||2007-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|1-6,8,9|Text|||Reviews occupant use of three open molecular biology research laboratories, with a goal of improving efficiency and cutting cost in a fourth laboratory that was being designed. Bench use, storage use, task performance times, collaboration patterns, and supply use are reported. An ideal laboratory relationship was developed, which involved pulling desk space outside, but next to the wet lab area; creation of collaboration areas within the office zone; separate storage rooms with inventory control; and a larger work bench with less, but more accessible storage.|||Post Occupancy Evaluation,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Is It an Emergency if No One is Listening?|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Morin, Rhonda||2010-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|28,30,32,33|Text|||Discusses implementation of emergency alert systems at Jackson State and Lewis and Clark College. Prudent engagement of the system during incidents and frustration with low number of students and faculty who enroll to receive alerts are addressed.|||Preparedness for Disasters--HIGHER EDUCATION,Preparedness for Natural Disasters,Preparedness for School Shootings or Terrorism Is Laminated Glass Right for Your Project?|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Kollie, Ellen||2005-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|36,38,40,42||||Reviews the construction and performance properties of laminated glass, which is increasingly being used in schools situated where storm winds are likely and where schools also serve as community shelters during natural disasters. Laminated glass is also desirable where resistance to man-made disasters is sought.|||Safety and Security--PK-12,Windows and Doors Is Mold the New Asbestos? |References to Journal Articles|American School Board Journal|Colgan, Craig||2003-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|14-18 |Text|||Mold and indoor air quality (IAQ) are matters of major concern to school leaders and architects. Schools that evaluate their facilities systems after finding serious mold infestations usually discover that the mold problems are connected to other facilities management shortcomings. This article discusses the high-dollar risk of poor indoor air quality; claims, counterclaims, and charges; confronting the community fallout; and how districts are dealing with mold. Strengthening community relations is one way to be ready in case of a bad environmental or IAQ report. |||Healthy School Environments,Indoor Air Quality,Mold Is Precast Concrete Right for Your Next Project?|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Kollie, Ellen||2007-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|22,24,26||||Reviews desirable features of precast concrete with particular attention to its application in educational facilities. Aesthetic and exterior versatility, design flexibility, durability, fast construction, safety and security, sustainability, and cost are covered.|||Construction Costs,Design -- Overview Is Rubber Flooring Right for Your Facility?|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Pillard, Jerry||1999-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||Discusses the benefits of rubber flooring for college fitness areas and what to look for when buying it. Money savings tips when selecting rubber flooring are discussed.|||Athletic Facilities--HIGHER EDUCATION,Floor Selection Is School Making Your Students Sick? |References to Journal Articles| Clearing|Comnes, Leslie ||2002-01-01 00:00:00.0|Season|p10-14|Text|||Reviews environmental hazards within schools. Identifies indoor air pollution, asbestos, lead poisoning, and pesticides as the leading hazards. Forms of indoor air pollution include radon carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, and various allergens such as mold and animal dander. Presents some guiding principles for the environmental quality of schools along with curriculum and assessment resources. |||Asbestos,Healthy School Environments,Indoor Air Quality Is the Grass Always Greener on the Other Side?|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Pica, V. Joseph||2002-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|50-52||||Describes how Crossroads School in Santa Monica, California opted for artificial turf for its athletic field to avoid the complications associated with maintaining live turf in a low-water environment.|||Athletic Fields,Grounds Maintenance Is the Heat On?|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Milshtein, Amy||2010-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|42,44,46,48|Text|||Advocates automated HVAC system controls in schools, where systems can be controlled from a central location. Energy savings of up to 18 percent are attainable, even before eliminating the necessity of traveling from school to school to adjust systems.|||Energy Management,HVAC Systems Is This an Ideal Teacher's Deaf Education Program Classroom?|References to Journal Articles|CAEDHH Journal/La Revue ACESM|Mason, David G.; Trento, Patricia ||1996-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|p93-102||||This article discusses the incorporation of architectural principles into redesigning a classroom at York University (Ontario) for a mix of university students and professors/lecturers who are culturally deaf, oral deaf, hard of hearing, late deafened, and hearing. Special design features include lighting and color, noise control, furniture, and seating arrangements. |||Acoustics ,Special Education Accomodation Is This the School of the Future? |References to Journal Articles|Scholastic Administrator|Hogan, Kevin||2006-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|2p. ||||The leaders behind Philadelphia and Microsoft's grand experiment in education want to create the definitive 21st-century learning laboratory. This discusses the project, and includes a sidebar with a floor plan and factors for success.|||Case Studies--Green Schools ,Case Studies--High Schools,Schools for the Future Is This Your Child's World? How You Can Fix the Schools and Homes That are Making Your Children Sick.|References to Books and Other Media||Rapp, Doris J.|ISBN-0-553-37867-8|1997-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|635|Text|Bantam Books|| The Federal Government reports that one-third of the nation's public schools are environmentally unsafe in ways that cause health problems to teachers and students and detract from educational quality. These problems jeopardize those who already have health problems and deteriorates student learning ability. This book addresses a vast number of school environmental health hazards and ways of eliminating them. Part I provides guidance on determining if a child has environmental illness and its cause. Part II addresses the ways of correcting a sick school based on what type of environmental problems exist. Part III describes how some schools have addressed their building environmental problems. Part IV discusses helpful, simple, as well as sophisticated, tests and treatments for special indoor health problems. Parts IV and V address legal and insurance options and explore the possibility of chronic illness along with some tips for parents, teachers, and school administrators. Appendices list the chemicals frequently found in schools and homes, their sources, health effects and precautions; and additional resources. |||Healthy School Environments,Indoor Air Quality Is Your Center Secure? 20 Questions You Need to Ask |References to Journal Articles|Child Care Information Exchange|||1995-07-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|p38-40 ||||Examines a wide range of potential safety and security issues in center-based child care. Suggestions include specific procedures for responding to all likely emergencies and for evacuating the center; plans to notify parents and secure the children; and safe access to the center and children in a consistent and sensible way. |||Early Learning Facilities,Safety and Security--PK-12 Is Your Facility Air-Sick? Improve IAQ for Greener, Healthier Buildings.|References to Journal Articles|American School and Hospital Facility|Matela, Dave||2007-05-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|20-22||||Reviews statistics on the negative effects of poor indoor air quality in schools and filtration strategies for better indoor air.|||HVAC Systems,Indoor Air Quality Is Your Flooring Sustainable?|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Wiens, Janet||2002-03-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|40-43||||Presents an interview with a floor company's marketing director discussing a seminar on LEED 2.0 (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) standards offered by the firm.|||Floor Selection,Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION,LEED Certification Is Your Safety Plan up to the Best Practices?|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Dorn, Michael||2004-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|S-2,S-4|Text|||Recommends that higher education institutions follow the example of K-12 schools where more comprehensive safety planning practices have been established. Two significant publications for school safety planning are reviewed.|||Preparedness for Disasters--HIGHER EDUCATION,Safety and Security--HIGHER EDUCATION Is Your Security Budget Used Effectively?|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Kaufer, Steve||1997-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|28-30||||Presents survey information showing where school districts have invested their security budgets. Included are the various threats school districts see as requiring security actions and the areas most often covered by closed circuit television systems are pointed. |||Access Control Systems,Safety and Security--PK-12 Is Your Staff Productive?|References to Journal Articles|Maintenance Solutions Online|Hounsell, Dan||2001-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||Notes the pressure managers are under to wring every last bit of productivity from their work forces, even as many struggle to define and quantify what constitutes productive time. Espouses the idea that, by scrutinizing their operations, managers can find opportunities to increase productivity in quantifiable ways, whether it's through better scheduling, more technology applications, or streamlining the flow of work orders. Includes a game plan for productivity and online links to additional resources.|||Facilities Management,Maintenance--Custodial Staffing Isolate Your Track.|References to Journal Articles|Recreation Management|Wofford, Ray||2007-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|14,15||||Advises on drainage system design and installation to prevent water buildup on outdoor running tracks.|||Athletic Facilities Maintenance,Athletic Fields Issue Analysis: Are Impact Fees a Viable Resource for School Districts Experiencing Growth?|References to Books and Other Media||Bangert, Ronda||2006-04-01 00:00:00.0|Season|6||Duncan Associates, Austin, TX||Focuses on the growing student enrollment for M.R. Elementary, a Pre-K through 8th grade elementary district. M.R. Elementary is experiencing this growth due to four new subdivisions that will be built over the next ten years. The subdivisions are located on the northwest side of the small city of Lichfield and will create 400 new dwellings. This type of fast growth is expected to create a financial strain from the additional students moving into those homes. The district will not receive General State Aid (GSA) and local tax revenue from growth in Equalized Assessed Valuation (EAV) upon their enrollment for approximately two years per student, which will create an educational fund hardship.|||Funding -- State and Local ,Impact Fees Issue on Gas Cooling in Educational Facilities.|References to Books and Other Media||||2000-09-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|22|Text|American Gas Cooling Center, Washington, DC||Several articles are presented covering the development and use of gas/electric cooling solutions for public schools and colleges. Articles address financing issues; indoor air quality (IAQ)problems and solutions; and the analysis of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems. Three examples of how schools solved their cooling problems are included, as are technology advances in gas cooling, and legislative issues. Concluding articles provide resources for school IAQ, discuss gas cooling as a solution to power crises, and presents a progress report on the University of Maryland's research of an advanced air conditioning system designed to cut carbon dioxide emissions by 45 percent and achieve 30 percent higher energy efficiency.|||Energy Management,HVAC Systems,Indoor Air Quality It All Adds Up-and Down: The Pavilion at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.|References to Journal Articles|Recreation Management|||2007-05-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|52,53|Text|||Profiles this award-winning collegiate athletic facility, selected for its daylighting, generous views to adjacent woods, and use of materials. Photographs and project statistics are included.|||Athletic Facilities--HIGHER EDUCATION,Awards 1990-2007,Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION IT Emergency Preparedness.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Fickes, Michael||2008-06-01 01:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|38-40,42||||Details a three-phase approach to IT emergency preparedness, consisting of identifying the assets to be protected, making a list of potential threats, and finding tools, policies, and procedures to protect them. Redundancy, remote storage of data, types of natural and human threats, and recovery are addressed.|||Preparedness for Disasters -- Overview,Preparedness for Natural Disasters,Technology Integration, K-12 2008-2012 IT Is Easy Being Green.|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Morin, Rhonda||2010-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|28,30,32,33|Text|||Calls for accountability for IT energy usage on campuses. Increased use of laptops decreases need for servers. Vertical-stacking blade servers reduce footprint and require less use of air conditioning. Use of cloud computing, off-site software and storage, further reduces on-site server and storage needs. Automatic shutdown can significantly reduce energy costs.|||Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION,Technology Integration--HIGHER EDUCATION It Takes a Community.|References to Journal Articles|Threshold|Holland, Holly||2006-10-01 00:00:00.0|Season|28-31|Text|||Reviews Spokane's effective school emergency preparedness plan, which is coordinated with first responders, uses custom software, and has proved valuable in actual emergencies. Five steps to community-wide preparedness are also included.|||Preparedness for Disasters -- Overview,Preparedness for Natural Disasters,Preparedness for School Shootings or Terrorism It Takes a Revolution: A Case Study of Facilities Service Improvements at UCSB.|References to Journal Articles|Facilities Manager|Gonzales, David||2000-07-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|29-32|Text|||Presents a case study on the successful revamping of the University of California Santa Barbara's Physical Facilities Maintenance and Operations Department. Each revamping step is discussed including issues involving morale and productivity, customer relations, outsourcing custodial services, teamwork, and the development of campus zone offices to increase maintenance and operations efficiency.|||Facilities Management--HIGHER EDUCATION,Maintenance and Operations Costs,Outsourcing Services It Takes a Village-and a Museum.|References to Journal Articles|Edutopia|Jabs, Carolyn.||2004-11-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|26-28|Text|||Describes Dearborn's Henry Ford Academy, a 450-student high school situated within an 90-acre site containing a museum and 82 historic buildings. The inclusion of the facilities and grounds within the curriculum is described, and an interview with architect Steven Bingler follows.|||Case Studies--High Schools,Site Selection--Nontraditional It Takes Two.|References to Journal Articles|Athletic Business|Ballard, Ken||2000-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|69-70,72,76,78,80|Text|||Discusses planning points when negotiating joint ventures for designing public recreational facilities. The obstacle and impact of money in the negotiations is examined as are handling the definition of operational responsibilities, personnel and maintenance, program and service delivery, and progress of the partnership and facility itself. |||Athletic Facilities,Community Use ,Funding Partnerships It's Never Been Easier for Your School To Get Space.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Vecchiolla, Joe||2002-03-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|46-49|Text|||Offers suggestions on choosing modular space for schools. Advice is provided based on school needs: (1) How soon is the space needed? Is there a crisis situation or time to plan? (2) How much flexibility is needed for relocation? and (3) What are the financing issues? Is it better to buy or lease?|||Portable Classrooms,Modular Construction Ithaca College Athletics & Events Center|References to Journal Articles|Recreation Management|||2012-05-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||Photos and description of new 178,000-square-foot Athletics and Events Center at Ithaca College that includes an indoor fieldhouse, natatorium and outdoor turf field. |||Athletic Facilities--HIGHER EDUCATION,Swimming Facilities Ithaca College Athletics and Events Center|References to Journal Articles|Athletic Business|||2012-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||Incorporates a field house, natatorium and outdoor turf field to meet the practice, competition, intramural, club and recreational needs of as many students as possible|||Athletic Facilities--HIGHER EDUCATION,Swimming Facilities It's All about Flex-Ability.|References to Journal Articles|Campus Technology|Grush, Mary||2009-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|31,32,34,36|Text|||Profiles Santa Clara University's Harrington Learning Commons, Sobrato Technology Center, and Orradre Library. This single building provides complete wireless coverage, traditional and flexible furnishings, abundant power access, and a variety of private and collaborative learning spaces.|||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Technology Integration--HIGHER EDUCATION,Technology--Wireless Networks It's All about Power.|References to Journal Articles|Campus Technology|Schaffhauser, Dian||2008-05-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|44-46,48-50||||Describes four higher education institutions' uninterruptible power supply (UPS) systems, which were designed to keep data and communications viable during a power outage.|||Preparedness for Natural Disasters,Technology Integration, K-12 2008-2012 It's All about the Kids: Keys for Successful District Master Planning.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Haley, Tim||2010-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|84-87|Text|||Makes the case for significant community in-put on creating school facilities and for a district-wide plan that coordinates education and world-class facilities. The author believes that process is as important as the product where the master plan is concerned. With the inevitable need to accommodate new technology in the classroom, buildings must be designed with flexibility for future adaptation in mind.|||Community Participation in Planning,Planning -- Master Planning It's Easy Being Green Once You Know How.|References to Books and Other Media||||2008-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|3||DesignShare, Minneapolis, MN||Outlines four essential concepts for integrating green schools and environmental education. These are standards-based integrated environmental learning, green practices and green school facilities, a live the land ethic, and partnerships and networking.|||Case Studies--Green Schools ,Green Schools It's Easy Being Green. |References to Journal Articles|School Construction News|Schneider, Jay||2001-05-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months||Text|||Case study of the Ronald Reagan High School in San Antonio, Texas, the state's first major high school facility to incorporate environmental planning, low-maintenance sustainable architecture, and efficient systems.|||Case Studies--Green Schools ,Case Studies--High Schools,Case Studies--K-12 Schools,Green Schools It's Easy to Be Green. Seven Steps to a Healthier School. |References to Journal Articles|Independent School Magazine|Moore, Deborah||2008-03-28 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|3p. ||||This article defines a green school, and provides seven steps to becoming a greener school, including conducting an audit, creating a plan, overcoming obstacles, and integrating green into the curriculum. Includes a chart of the four pillars of a little green schoolhouse. |||Healthy School Environments,Green Schools It's Green-Now Find Out What That Really Means.|References to Journal Articles|Buildings|Madsen, Jana||2008-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|60-62,64,65||||Discusses the validity of manufacturers' claims of greenness for their building products, directing building owners toward legitimate certification programs, and advising on the meaning of terms such as recycled, rapidly renewable, biodegradable, low- or no-VOC, and sustainably harvested.|||Green Schools,Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION It's in the Details.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Tucker, Robert B.; Zahn, Elyce R.||1997-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|90-92||Primedia Intertec, Overland Park, KS ||Discusses planning and funding a high school whose design simultaneously addresses the changing nature of education, aesthetics, and security while enhancing the learning process. The concept of pooling funding sources or passing a bond issue for developing affordable joint-use facilities is highlighted. |||Community Use ,Funding Partnerships It's In the Green.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Bolin, Rob||2003-09-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|42,44,46-47||||Discusses involving all stakeholders in a systematic process for creating a high performance school building. Also discusses use of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System to focus the design process.|||Green Schools,LEED Certification It's In the Plan.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Bracci, Richard L.||1999-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|36,38,40||Primedia Intertec, Overland Park, KS||Examines how master planning and participatory process combines to successfully integrate technology into a school's educational system. Discussions on budget setting and environmental design are included. |||Planning -- Master Planning,Technology Integration, K-12 1990-2007 It's Not Easy Being Green.|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Milshtein, Amy||2008-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|38,40,42|Text|||Describes ways to recommission existing higher education buildings for energy and water savings.|||Energy Management--HIGHER EDUCATION,Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION,Water Conservation It's Not Easy Building Green.|References to Journal Articles|Business Officer |Higgins, Joseph ||2003-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|p31-36||||Discusses green buildings, facilities designed, constructed, and operated in an environmentally friendly and resource-efficient way. Discusses reasons for campuses to go green, the shades of green or variations in environmental-friendliness, certification through the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system, financial costs, and suggestions from pioneers in the field.|||Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION,LEED Certification It's So Easy Being Green.|References to Journal Articles|American School Board Journal|Shorr, Pamela||2004-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|22-25||||Describes the growing realization of the value of energy-efficient and eco-friendly schools, describes several innovative green school facilities and programs, and offers tips and resources for implementing a sustainable building program.|||Energy Management,Green Schools It's Time to Redo.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Moore, Deb||2006-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|8||||Discusses the impact of recent educational reforms and initiatives on space and capacity, including technology integration and proliferation, full-day kindergarten, and class size reduction.|||Building Capacity,Space Requirements Jack and the Giant School|References to Journal Articles|The New Rules|Mitchell, Stacy||2000-07-01 00:00:00.0|Season|||||A growing number of critics question whether big schools produce better students. This summarizes American school size trends—from small learning communities in the early and mid part of the past century, to the Post World War II shift towards large, comprehensive schools, to rising support for the small schools movement today. Issues such as school governance, urban and rural locations and the future of the movement are examined. |||School Size/Small Schools,Smart Growth and Schools Jackson LEED School Tour.|References to Books and Other Media||||2009-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Video|Channel 22 Local, Jackson Hole, WY||Illustrates the challenge of LEED-certified construction in the face of extreme cold. Davy Jackson Elementary School, Jackson, Wyoming, is a K-2 school that aims to conserve heat loss. While upgraded insulation costs more at first, it achieves buy-back value in 13 years. The school makes use of time and motion sensors for classroom lighting in addition to sensors that detect zoned need for light when classroom is occupied. School makes use of local suppliers. |||Case Studies--Elementary Schools,Case Studies--Green Schools ,Energy Management,LEED Certification James C. Enochs High School.|References to Journal Articles|CASH Register|||2008-05-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|14||||Profiles this 2,500-student Modesto, California high school that exceeds energy efficiency requirements by 17%. Daylighting, sun shading, and an innovative HVAC system are cited, and the open layout that enhances views and encourages socialization is described.|||Case Studies--Green Schools ,Case Studies--High Schools Jane's Safe Schools Planning Guide for All Hazards.|References to Books and Other Media||Dorn, Mike; Thomas, Gregory; Wong, Marleen; Shepherd, Sonayia||2004-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|450||Jane's Information Group, Alexandria, VA.||Takes the user through the planning, implementation, response, and recovery processes of a safe school. Section one describes how to organize personnel and materials around the development of an emergency plan. Section two describes mitigation and prevention procedures which involve both facilities and school climate issues. Section three details preparedness procedures for critical incidents. Section four presents strategies for recovery after a critical incident.|||Preparedness for Disasters -- Overview,Preparedness for Natural Disasters,Safety and Security--PK-12 Jane's School Safety Handbook.|References to Books and Other Media||Wong, Marleen; Kelly, James; Stephens, Ronald D.|ISBN-0-7106-2513-8|2001-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|275|Text|Jane's Information Group, Alexandria, VA||This book advises schools in a concise, detailed format about crisis management. Its chapters address: (1) crisis planning; (2) early warning signs; (3) crisis response; (4) crisis recovery; (5) case studies of schools that have encountered crisis situations; and (6) sample letters to be distributed in case of crisis. Appendices discuss conducting a safety/security audit and organizing for crisis intervention and managing threats. Also contains a glossary.||Jane's Information Group, 1340 Braddock Place, Suite 300, Alexandria, VA 22314-1651; Toll free: 800-824-0768|Preparedness for Disasters -- Overview,Safety and Security--PK-12 Japan's Eco-School Programme.|References to Journal Articles|PEB Exchange|||2007-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|||||Profiles the concept and funding of this program which has funded over 600 schools to date. The program applies to both newly constructed and renovated school buildings, in an effort to make its schools more environmentally friendly.|||Design -- International,Green Schools Jean Parker School, San Francisco|References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|Larson, Soren||1999-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|122-125||||Describes the post-earthquake renovation of a San Francisco urban elementary school that preserved its historical detail within a modern replacement. Design features are detailed; photos and a floor plan are included. |||Case Studies--Elementary Schools,Preserving Historic Schools,Renovations,Seismic Design and Retrofit for Schools Jefferson County Educational Specification Space Program. [Colorado]|References to Books and Other Media||||2007-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy||Text|Jefferson County Public Schools, Lakewood, CO||Provides the Jefferson County, Colorado, educational specifications for elementary, middle, and high schools. Also provided are 16 space programs for the three types of schools, according to how many students they accommodate.|||Educational Specifications,Space Requirements Jeremiah E. Burke High School|References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|||2010-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|90-93|Text|||Describes an addition to a Boston high school that includes a public library and community center. Project information, plans, and photographs are included.|||Case Studies--Community Schools,Case Studies--High Schools,Community Use Job Ordering Contracting: Obtaining Construction Services Efficiently and Economically Through the JOC Delivery System.|References to Journal Articles|Educational Facility Planner|Kashiwagi, Dean T.||2001-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|4-10||||Discusses what job order contracting (JOC) for facilities managers is and its advantages and disadvantages. Also discusses the Center for Job Order Contracting Excellence, the impact of the low- bid award process, the benefits of JOC's use of multiple on-site contractors, and utilization of performance-based procurement and performance information.|||Facilities Management,Outsourcing Services,Project Management,Selecting Design Professionals JOC Be Nimble, JOC by Quick|References to Journal Articles|Educational Facility Planner|Schreyer, Paul R. ||2012-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|p43-45|Text|||Explores the Job Order Contracting (JOC) procurement method that allows school administrators to complete a large number of high quality maintenance projects quickly with a single, competitive bid contract. |||Facilities Management,Facilities Management Software,Maintenance and Cleaning Practices,Maintenance and Operations Costs Joe M. Pirtle Elementary School, Belton Independent School District.|References to Journal Articles|Design Cost Data|||2001-03-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|38-39||||Describes the architectural design, costs, general description, and square footage data for the Joe M. Pirtle Elementary School, Belton Independent School District in Temple, Texas. A floor plan and photos are included along with a list of manufacturers and suppliers used for the project.|||Case Studies--Elementary Schools,Case Studies--K-12 Schools John A. Dubiski Career High School.|References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|||2011-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||Profiles this Texas technology and career training high school, with individual programs housed in wings that surround an atrium. Each individual wing is designed to resemble a business, and the walls designed to adapt to future developments in the curriculum.|||Career and Technical Education ,Case Studies--High Schools John C. Daniels School, New Haven, Connecticut.|References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|||2007-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|||||Profiles this new elementary school in a mixed residential and commercial urban setting. For safety, the building is organized around an interior courtyard that features an amphitheater, reading areas, and play spaces. Building statistics, a list of project participants, and photographs are included.|||Case Studies--Elementary Schools,Urban School Facility Issues Join the Wireless Revolution.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Coburn, Janet||1999-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|||||Information to help make the decision on whether or not wireless computer networks are the right solution when retrofitting older buildings. Defines wireless, provides reasons for choosing wireless networks, describes different methods of data transmission including infrared and satellite, and describes two case studies.|||Technology Integration, K-12 1990-2007,Technology--Wireless Networks Joined Up Design for Schools|References to Books and Other Media||Sorrell, John; Sorrell, Frances|ISBN-1-85894-308-6|2005-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|192||Merrell Publishers, New York, NY||Profiles over sixty projects in which school children thoughout Britain have commissioned pioneering concepts from an array of notable international designers and architects. The client teams of children engaged designers to respond to their everyday needs and concerns, and this volume describes and illustrates an range of projects that deal with the built environment, communications, storage, color, clothing and identity in schools.||49 West 24th St., 8th floor, New York, NY 10010|Case Studies--Elementary Schools,Case Studies--K-12 Schools,Color Theory,Design -- United Kingdom,Student Participation in Planning and Design,Schools for the Future Joined Up Design for Schools|Related Web Sites|||||mmm yyyy|||||Sponsored by the Sorrell Foundation, joinedupdesignforschools explores how good design can improve the quality of life in schools by listening to the voices of the consumers--the pupils. It acts as a catalyst for making practical improvements in the built environment. It examines ways in which the United Kingdom design industry could be joined up with the education sector. The website includes work in progress; information on the process; and celebrating achievements. |||Design -- United Kingdom,Student Participation in Planning and Design Joined Up Design for Schools|References to Books and Other Media||||2003-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|68|Text|The Sorrell Foundation, London, UK||Reviews several British school design projects in which students and designers cooperated to create improved facility conditions in classrooms, restrooms, cafeterias, and lockers. The book describes and illustrates a range of projects that also deals with communications, storage, color, clothing, and identity in schools. Students commissioned pioneering concepts from international designers and architects, including Richard Rogers Partnership, Paul Smith, Will Allsop, Marks Barfield,Thomas Heatherwick,Wolff Olins, Conran & Partners, Priestman Goode and Kevin McCloud. |||Design -- United Kingdom,Student Participation in Planning and Design Joinedupdesignforschools in the United Kingdom.|References to Journal Articles|PEB Exchange|||2005-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|18-21||||Describes this initiative, connecting client student teams with design firms to produce better school designs. The process of forming the team and solving design problems is described, as are four initial projects.|||Design -- United Kingdom,Student Participation in Planning and Design Joining Forces.|References to Journal Articles|University Business|Schachter, Ron||2009-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|41-44|Text|||Highlights programs at Virginia Tech, Boston University, Bryant University, Kent State University, and the University of Philadelphia, that strengthen ties and cooperation between college and university security and emergency officials and their local, regional, and state counterparts. The programs connect cell phones, land lines, computers, 400 megahertz and 800 megahertz radios, and walkie-talkies to the common denominator of an IP network, enabling system-wide with one call.|||Preparedness for Disasters--HIGHER EDUCATION,Preparedness for Natural Disasters,Preparedness for School Shootings or Terrorism,Safety and Security--HIGHER EDUCATION Joining Forces.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Kennedy, Mike||2006-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|16-18,20,22,23||||Describes a variety of joint use arrangements between municipalities and public schools and/or community colleges. Resources that the various partners typically bring to the project are discussed, as are some successful and unsuccessful joint-use endeavors.|||Case Studies--Community Schools,Design -- Community Colleges,Community Use ,Community Use - Policy and Agreements Joint Occupancy: Profiles of Significant Schools.|References to Books and Other Media||Clinchy, Evans||1970-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|37||Educational Facilities Laboratories, New York, NY||Discusses the concept of schools that pay for themselves by sharing facilities with other occupants known variously as joint occupancy or mixed or multiple use of land and buildings. A financial saving is the obvious advantage of combining schools with housing, commercial space (retail or office), or community services and offices. In addition, joint occupancy creates new kinds of urban environments that blend schools with communities composed of people of varied ethnic groups and income levels. This document illustrates graphically 10 schools utilizing joint occupancy; some schools are already in use, others are still in the planning stage.|||Case Studies--Community Schools,Community Use ,Funding Partnerships Joint Schools, School Facilities and Superintendents: An Alternative Approach to Address Community Public Education.|References to Books and Other Media||||2008-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|6||Rockbridge County, Virginia||Reviews the recent consolidation of schools in Virginia's City of Williamsburg and James City County, as well as the sharing of a high school between the state's Lexington and Rockbridge Counties since 1992. Details of enrollment, financial, and legal arrangements are addressed, and a discussion of potential benefits of a local, system-wide consolidation is included.|||Rural School Facility Issues,School Size/Small Schools Joint Use Agreements: A How-To Guide.|References to Books and Other Media||Rizzuti, Tom; Silva, Tom; Roop, Mel||1997-04-22 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|40||California Association of School Business Officials, Sacramento||Joint use agreements provide a school district and another entity, whether it be a city, county, non-profit, or private organization, with the opportunity to construct a facility and share both the capital and operating costs and responsibilities. The purpose of this manual is to introduce joint use agreements and their potential. The manual begins with a definition of what a joint use agreement is and what it is not. Next it suggests a number of considerations which should go into a joint use agreement and provides a guideline by which a joint use agreement can be drafted. Finally, the manual discusses some potential problems a district may encounter in the implementation of a joint use and some possible solutions to these problems. Each section includes a table to help summarize its main points. (Appendices contain the Civic Center Act, and two sample agreements.) ||California Association of School Business Officials Bookstore, 700 N. 10th Street, Suite 100, Sacramento, CA 95811; Tel: 916-447-3783, Fax: 916-447-3794|Community Use - Policy and Agreements,Funding Partnerships Joint Use Cooperative Agreement for the Lincoln Public Library at Twelve Bridges.|References to Books and Other Media||||2003-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|37||City of Lincoln, California||Formalizes the agreement between the City of Lincoln (California), the Western Placer Unified School District, and the Sierra Joint Community College District to build and operate a library to be shared by all three entities. From a tract of land owned by the community college, the city agreed to buy five acres and build the library. The school district agreed to buy 35 acres and build a new high school. The community college agreed to retain and construct a campus on the remaining 23 acres. All three institutions agreed to share the operation and maintenance costs of the library. Details of funding, collection ownership, library services, rights of use, staffing, and the constitution and powers of the board are detailed.|||Design -- Community Colleges,Community Use - Policy and Agreements Joint Use Facilities|References to Books and Other Media||||2000-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|||Better Schools Better Neighborhoods, Los Angeles, CA||Provides examples of joint-use projects, joint-use analysis and recommendations, and joint-use policies from throughout California and the nation.|||Community Use - Policy and Agreements,Funding Partnerships Joint Use of Public Schools: A Framework for a New Social Contract.|References to Books and Other Media||Filardo, Mary; Vincent, Jeffrey; Allen, Marni; Franklin, Jason||2010-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|17|Text|21st Century School Fund, Washington, DC||Explores joint use as a way to provide services to children and families in convenient locations, improve opportunities for physical activity of youth and adults, leverage capital investments, and reduce the consumption of land. The report attempts to frame the basic challenges and opportunities for joint use to increase the quantity and quality of joint use policy and practice.|||Community Use ,Community Use - Policy and Agreements,Funding Partnerships Joint Use School Partnerships in California: Strategies to Enhance Schools and Communities.|References to Books and Other Media||Coober, Tamar; Vincent, Jeffrey||2008-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|76|Text|University of California, Center for Cities and Schools, Berkeley||Examines joint use partnerships in the California policy context, focusing on three cases: opening up existing school yards for public use in San Francisco, building new joint use gymnasiums in Rosemead, and building a joint use child development center in Clovis. Appendices include formal case agreements. The report offers a discussion of lessons learned and recommended steps to crafting effective joint use partnerships.|||Case Studies--Community Schools,Community Use ,Community Use - Policy and Agreements Joint-Use Facilities Where Everybody Benefits.|References to Journal Articles|Building Design and Construction|Schneider, Jay||2008-06-01 01:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|32-36,38,40,41|Text|||Profiles three joint-use schools in three different states: Hector Godinez High School, Santa Ana, California; GlenOak High School, Canton, Ohio; and Hubble Middle School, Wheaton, Illinois.Details of public/private sharing of land; recreational, library, and performing arts facilities that are open to the public; and access to neighboring community parks and recreation are described. |||Case Studies--Community Schools,Community Use ,Funding Partnerships Joint-Use Libraries: More Bang for Your Bucks.|References to Journal Articles|Wilson Library Bulletin|Kinsey, Sally; Honig-Bear, Sharon||1994-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|p37-39,132||||Discussion of joint-use, or cooperative, libraries focuses on a partnership between public and school libraries in Nevada. Highlights include benefits in enhanced services, user needs, location of facilities, administration and planning, financial issues, facility maintenance, remodelling, and signage. |||Community Use ,Funding Partnerships,Libraries/Media Centers Joint-Use School Facility Agreements Strengthen School Communities.|References to Journal Articles|Educational Facility Planner|Testa, Ken||2001-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|11-13||||Examines joint-use facility agreements that encourage the shared use of school facilities by school districts and community entities. Explores the positive impact that these arrangements have on student achievement. Identifies six key strategic practices for creating effective joint-use facility agreements and six key barriers to this development.|||Community Use ,Community Use - Policy and Agreements,Funding Partnerships Joint-Venture Facilities.|References to Journal Articles|Athletic Business|||2004-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|150,152-154||||Describes three athletic facilities built as a joint venture between the community and a local school system or community college. Includes photographs.|||Athletic Facilities,Case Studies--Community Schools,Design -- Community Colleges,Community Use Joplin High School |References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|Gonchar, Joann||2012-03-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||After a tornado dessimated Joplin, Missouri, national architecture and engineering firm DLR Group and Joplin-based architect Corner Greer & Associates directed the transformation of a 96,000-square-foot space from big-box retail to interim campus. Many of the strategies tested in the interim campus, including flexible classrooms, will be repeated in a permanent high school that DLR and Corner Greer are now designing.|||Case Studies--High Schools,Preparedness for Natural Disasters Juan N. Seguin Elementary School, Houston, Texas.|References to Journal Articles|Design Cost Data|||2003-05-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|30-32|Text|||Profiles this daylit school, with classrooms collected pods of four or five, each of which features a common area that can be used as overflow or breakout space. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.|||Case Studies--Elementary Schools,Commons Areas and Student Centers,Multipurpose Spaces Jungle Gym or Brain Gym. Playgrounds Can Improve Academic Readiness. |References to Journal Articles|Parks and Recreation|||2000-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|84-91|||| A well-developed playground in a park or school setting can greatly enhance childen's overall development, making playgrounds more than just fun. Playgrounds offer children opportunities to develop physically, mentally, and socially, improving academic readiness as well as overall health. The paper discusses the importance of movement, how children develop movement through play, and how physical and mental strength develop. |||Impact of Facilities on Learning,Playgrounds Just Visiting.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Fiel, Patrick||2007-09-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|SS54-SS56||||Reviews building features and procedures for controlling school access. These include limited campus entries that are supervised, identification badges, visitor registration, staff training, and a written visitor management plan.|||Access Control Systems,Safety and Security--PK-12 K-12 Energy-Lite Lighting.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Fickes, Michael||2010-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|40,42-44|Text|||Describes the Springfield (Missouri) School District's positive experience with upgrading their lighting for energy efficiency. With $332,000 of investment, $104,240 per year is saved, the returning the investment in about three years. Details of the use of T-8, T-5, and LED lighting are offered, citing the benefits and drawbacks of each. |||Energy Management,Lighting K-12 Public Schools Facility Condition Assessment, A/E Project #26-30-03.|References to Books and Other Media||||2008-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|59||State of Montana, Dept. of Administration, Architecture and Engineering Division, Helena||This survey of Montana's public schools revealed that more than 95 percent of Montana's school facilities are in good or fair condition. The first phase of the survey was completed online by individual school districts. The second phase consisted of site surveys at each school. The study focused on facility condition, educational characteristics of buildings, energy use and technology equipment. The study revealed that there are only 45 school buildings in use built before 1910, and the largest period of school construction growth was from 1950 to 1970. In the past decade, 42 schools or school-related buildings have been built in Montana. The largest structural problem facing schools is that nearly 60 percent of the damages and worn-out facilities come in the form of floors, ceilings, walls, doors and frames.|||Condition of Schools,Facilities Assessment K-12 School Projects.|References to Journal Articles|Learning By Design|||2004-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|110-112|Text|||Describes the award-winning designs of three K-12 schools, including the educational context and design goals. Two are in rural settings, with one of those on an island 15 miles off the Maine coast. A list of design and construction participants, costs, specifications, plans, and photographs are included||Learning by Design; Email:|Awards 1990-2007,Case Studies--K-12 Schools K-12 School Projects.|References to Journal Articles|Learning By Design|||2005-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|125-131|Text|||Describes the award-winning designs of four K-12 facilities, including the educational context and design goals. These facilities include a school for behaviorally challenged students, an earth science specialty school, and two private schools. Lists of project participants, costs, specifications, plans, and photographs are included||Learning by Design; Email:|Awards 1990-2007,Case Studies--K-12 Schools K-12 School Projects.|References to Journal Articles|Learning By Design|||2003-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|127-28|Text|||Describes the award-winning designs of several K-12 schools, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the designers and construction costs. Also includes the floor plan and photographs.||Learning by Design; Email:|Awards 1990-2007,Case Studies--K-12 Schools K-12 Schools Report.|References to Journal Articles|Building Design and Construction|||2007-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|48,49|Text|||Briefly reviews K-12 school construction trends, then ranks the top 20 K-12 school design firms and top 20 K-12 school building contractors according to their 2006 revenue.|||Construction Costs,Selecting Design Professionals K-12 Schools Report.|References to Journal Articles|Building Design and Construction|||2009-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|24,25|Text|||Briefly reviews K-12 school construction trends, then ranks the top 20 K-12 school design firms and top 20 K-12 school building contractors according to billings.|||Construction Costs,Selecting Design Professionals K-8 School Projects.|References to Journal Articles|Learning By Design|||2003-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|47-55|Text|||Describes the award-winning designs of several K-8 schools, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the designers and construction costs. Also includes the floor plan and photographs.||Learning by Design; Email:|Awards 1990-2007,Case Studies--K-12 Schools K-8 School Projects.|References to Journal Articles|Learning By Design|||2005-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|53-57|Text|||Describes the award-winning designs of five K-8 schools, including the educational context, design goals, project participants, costs, specifications, plans, and photographs.||Learning by Design; Email:|Awards 1990-2007,Case Studies--Elementary Schools K-8 Schools.|References to Journal Articles|Learning By Design|||2004-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|52-54|Text|||Describes the award-winning designs of two K-8 schools: the Belmont Day School in Belmont, Massachusetts, and the National Teachers Academy Professional Development School in Chicago. Also provided are the educational context, design goals, a list of design and construction participants, costs, specifications, plans, and photographs.||Learning by Design; Email:|Awards 1990-2007,Case Studies--Elementary Schools Kahn in Context.|References to Journal Articles|Texas Architect|Hagood, Jonathan||1999-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|44-45||||Describes the architectural planning for a new engineering and science building at the University of Texas-Pan American (Edinburg) where the campus design (Louis Kahn architectural concept) emphasizes an extensive and expressive use of brick and strongly geometric forms. How the new building retained the flavor of the old campus design while offering new design features is discussed. Photos of the new building are included. |||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Kanagawa Institute of Technology Workshop.|References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|Pollock, Naomi||2008-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|124-129||||Profiles this Japanese higher education workshop facility that consists of one large space, completely surrounded by glass exterior walls and dominated by skylights. Project information, a plan, and photographs are included.|||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Design -- HIGHER EDUCATION Kansas Disaster Assessment Program.|References to Books and Other Media||||2004-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|66||Kansas Emergency Management and AIA Kansas, Topeka; International Code Council, Falls Church, VA||Provides guidance and forms to prepare for and conduct a disaster assessment survey. These include pre-disaster buildings inventory, collection of civil personnel information, disaster operations facilities and supply inventory, and map lists. An organizational structure of the disaster team is suggested, along with job titles, qualifications, duties, and the process for mobilizing this team in the event of a disaster. Post-disaster recovery procedures and responsibilities are also outlined. |||Assessing School Facilities Damaged by Natural Disasters,Preparedness for Disasters -- Overview Kansas Facility Scores Recruiting Success with Interdisciplinary Focus.|References to Journal Articles|Laboratory Design|Harvath, Tom||2010-03-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|1,3,4|Text|||Profiles the new Kansas Life Sciences Center at the University of Kansas. The multi-disciplinary laboratory unites medical and pharmaceutical research in a facility noted for its outstanding architecture, flexible laboratories, and sustainable features.|||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Kansas Green School Network|Related Web Sites|||||mmm yyyy|||||Provides an network for for Kansas preK-12 schools to join and promote environmental stewardship practices that relate to air quality, climate change, solid waste reduction and recycling, water management, and outdoor wildlife habitat. The program also includes an education component to schools' green projects. |||Healthy School Environments,Green Schools Katy ISD Agricultural Sciences Center.|References to Journal Articles|Design Cost Data|||2003-09-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|48,49||||Describes the new Katy consolidated agricultural sciences center which serves four high schools, features flexible animal housing, and uses timber to avoid the premature corrosion associated with steel and high concentrations of ammonia from animal waste. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, cost details, a floor plan and photographs are included.|||Career and Technical Education ,Case Studies--K-12 Schools KAUST Academic Library|References to Journal Articles|Architype Source|||2012-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||Photographs, description, and credits for the 140,000-square-foot King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Academic Library in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, designed by HOK. KAUST was certified as the largest LEED Platinum project in the world. The library design de-emphasizes the library as a repository of books while emphasizing the social dimensions of learning and access to knowledge through technology.|||Case Studies--Green Colleges and Universities,Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Design -- International,Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION,Library Facilities--HIGHER EDUCATION KAUST.|References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|Minutillo, Josephine||2010-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|90-99|Text|||Profiles Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The advanced research campus was built to LEED standards in a harsh desert environment that nonetheless had to contend with and high salinity of its coastal site. Photographs and plans accompany a description of design, building techniques, materials, and sustainability efforts. |||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Design -- HIGHER EDUCATION,Design -- International Keep It Clean.|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Griffin, William R.||1998-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|41-42,44-45||||Offers ideas for cleaning and maintenance management of school food service areas to avoid possible waste, injuries, unsanitary conditions, and unnecessary risk to those using the facilities. Includes a self inspection check list and the 12 essentials for managing towards cleaner facilities. |||Maintenance and Cleaning Practices,Food Service Facilities Keep it Safe.|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Milshtein, Amy||2005-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|52,54,56,58||||Reviews recent changes in fire safety codes, with emphasis on sprinklers, exit doors, and wired or filmed glass. A fire sprinkler Q & A is included.|||Fire Safety,Safety and Security--HIGHER EDUCATION,Windows and Doors Keep the Noise Down!|References to Journal Articles|Athletic Business|Whitney, Timothy W.; Foulkes, Timothy J.||1994-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|57-60||4130 Lien Road; Madison, WI 53704; 800-722-8764||Examines noise abatement planning for large athletic facilities, gymnasiums, pool areas, and recreational areas. Acoustical controls for smaller, special purpose areas are also discussed.|||Acoustics ,Athletic Facilities Keeping Campuses Safe.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Kennedy, Mike||1999-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|66a-66b,66d-66e||Primedia Intertec, Overland Park, KS||Describes how colleges and universities are using technology, as well as traditional methods, to keep campuses safe and reduce crime. Topics include using free pizza in a successful contest to teach students about campus safety, installing security cameras, using access-control cards, providing adequate lighting, and creating a bicycle patrol unit. |||Access Control Systems,Safety and Security--HIGHER EDUCATION Keeping Carpet Clean.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|West, Jeff||2005-09-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|36,38,40||||Discusses elements to be considered when selecting carpet, including fiber type, construction, dye type, color, pattern, installation, and maintenance. A cleaning program is outlined that includes soil prevention, vacuuming, soil lifting techniques, and spot removal.|||Floor Maintenance,Floor Selection Keeping Cool.|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Kehrer, James||2000-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|43-44|Text|||Explores roofing options that can help control energy costs through use of highly reflective roofing materials. Additionally discussed is the Urban Heat Island phenomenon created when several super-heated buildings are clustered in a small area.|||Energy Management--HIGHER EDUCATION,Roof Selection Keeping It Clean by Going ‘Green.' |References to Journal Articles|Maintenance Solutions|Bigger, Alan; Bigger, Linda||2003-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||This discusses how to integrate highly productive equipment with environmentally friendly and cost-effective products to enhance the level of cleanliness in restrooms. Using the resources of such entities as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Green Seal can help managers develop an arsenal of cleaning chemicals that are green, priced right, and perform. |||Green Cleaning,Maintenance and Cleaning Practices,Restroom Maintenance Keeping It Clean.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Hale, Olivia||2002-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|30-33||||Describes how the dirt and grime tracked onto school building floors can be minimized with a few simple steps, such as walkoff mats, and using vinyl composition tiling.|||Maintenance and Cleaning Practices,Facilities Management Keeping it Flowing.|References to Journal Articles|Maintenance Solutions|Hounsell, Dan||2010-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|21,22|Text|||Profiles the University of Las Vegas' program to keep drains clear, describing the equipment they use, training, the advantages of the latest equipment.|||Facilities Management--HIGHER EDUCATION,Restroom Maintenance Keeping it Safe.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|George, David||2009-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|29,30,32||||Discusses an array of fire warning devices for schools, including addressable control panels, area-specific detection and suppression equipment, and training of personnel.|||Fire Safety,Safety and Security--HIGHER EDUCATION,Safety and Security--PK-12 Keeping Old Doors and Windows.|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Fickes, Michael||2006-03-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|30,32,34,35||||Explores the debate between conserving historic windows and doors, or replacing them with more energy-efficient modern ones. Consideration of operational versus embodied energy in building systems is included, illustrating how it might be more cost-effective to retain older windows and doors.|||Renovations,Windows and Doors Keeping School Grounds Green.|References to Journal Articles|The Construction Specifier|Davitt, Keith||1997-09-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|50-51, 53-54||||Discusses how athletic field school irrigation systems are being transformed by shrinking budgets, environmental concerns, and industry-inspired advances. The costs involved, the new devices that contribute to system efficiency, and the need for user education are examined.|||Athletic Fields,Grounds Maintenance Keeping Schools Safe in Earthquakes.|References to Books and Other Media||||2004-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|242||Organisation for Co-Operation and Economic Development, Programme on Educational Building, Paris, France||Reports on a 2004 conference of international seismic and educational facility experts. Part 1 discusses the recognition of obstacles to improving seismic safety of schools in various countries. Part II defines seismic safety principles for schools. Part III discusses assessing vulnerability and risks to schools and other public buildings. Part IV identifies strategies and programs for improving school seismic safety. Part V presents the group's recommendations for improving seismic safety in schools.|||Preparedness for Disasters -- Overview,Preparedness for Natural Disasters,Safety and Security--HIGHER EDUCATION,Safety and Security--PK-12,Seismic Design and Retrofit for Schools Keeping Students Safe|References to Journal Articles|Building Operating Management|Kroll, Karen||2012-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|p22-29|Text|||Four part story: College Campus Shootings Prompt New Emergency Preparedness Steps; Public Safety, Police And Security Professionals Can Help Assess Campus Security Threats; Campus Layout Can Help Mitigate Threats, But Good Security Plan Needed; and Policies, Training Are Keys to Keeping Campus Safe.|||Preparedness for School Shootings or Terrorism,Safety and Security--HIGHER EDUCATION Keeping Tennessee Schools Safe.|References to Books and Other Media||||2009-09-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|48|Text|Tennessee Comptroller of the Treasury, Offices of Research and Education Accountability, Nashville||Reviews state laws, policies, and requirements, and compares them with accepted best practices for school safety. State law requires districts to report building security strategies and procedures in place, but does not require assessment of the appropriateness or effectiveness. Many school administrators have directed substantial funds toward ensuring the security of their schools over preventive measures (e.g. staff training on violence prevention and counseling services). Although it is intuitive that such efforts enhance building security, the analysts found little research evaluating security measures as a means to deter or prevent violent incidents.|||Safety and Security Assessment,Safety and Security--PK-12 Keeping the Community in the Know.|References to Journal Articles|District Administration|Dyrli, Kurt||2009-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|41-43||||Discusses mass notification systems for schools, which are more frequently being used for everyday, non-emergency communication. Internet-based services do not require hardware, software, or additional phone line installation. Some fully hosted online notification services are briefly reviewed.|||Preparedness for Disasters -- Overview,Preparedness for Natural Disasters,Preparedness for School Shootings or Terrorism Keeping the Lid On.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Mulvihill, Stephen R.||1999-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|40,42,44,46||Primedia Intertec, Overland Park, KS||Discusses the basics of roof design, maintenance, and purchasing to help school administrators and facility managers resolve their roofing concerns and save money. Examines the development of a five-year roofing maintenance, repair, and replacement plan to manage roof systems. Highlights areas to consider if a replacement roof is necessary. The article lists twenty Do's and Don'ts about roofing as well as six maintenance tasks that a school must routinely perform on roofs. There is also a brief case history illustrating how one school established a roofing management program to keep tabs on its 42 roofs. |||Roof Repair and Maintenance,Roof Selection Keeping the Madness at Bay. |References to Journal Articles|Business Officer|Romano, Gerry ||2001-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|p22-28|Text|||In the first of a series on terrorism's affect on higher education, college officials describe security steps their schools are taking against terror attacks.|||Preparedness for Disasters--HIGHER EDUCATION,Preparedness for School Shootings or Terrorism,Safety and Security--HIGHER EDUCATION Keeping the Plan Alive.|References to Journal Articles|Facilities Manager|Cole, James O.; Cole, Susan D.||1997-11-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|9-11|Text|||Reports on ways in which college and university facilities management departments can keep a strategic plan viable throughout the intended planning time frame. Focuses on the importance of reexamining plans, staying on track, measurement and consequences, using other planning modules, scenario planning, reinventing the market, value migration, and closure.|||Facilities Management--HIGHER EDUCATION,Planning -- Master Planning Keeping the Roof on Building Costs.|References to Journal Articles|School Administrator|Rydeen, James E. ||1994-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|p8-13||||School construction overruns and other disappointments usually stem from inadequate planning, mismanagement, and inexperienced individuals. This article shows how to compute ballpark estimates based on a district's unique planning requirements for curriculum, scheduling, and class sizes; screen firms' and individuals' qualifications; devise a realistic budget, monitor the design and construction process; and develop shared responsibility for outcomes. |||Capital Improvement Programs,Construction Costs,Project Management Keeping Them Out.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Dorn, Michael||2008-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|35,36||||Reviews major points of access control for schools, including layered access control, off-campus access control, school grounds and building access, visitor screening, badges, staff and student identification, maintaining access control system integrity, and interior access control.|||Access Control Systems,Safety and Security--PK-12 Keeping up Appearances.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Kennedy, Mike||2003-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|42-48||||Discusses the issues colleges and universities face when choosing furniture for residence halls, including aesthetics, durability, student expectations, technology-friendliness, and encouragement of community.|||Furnishings,Dormitories Keeping Up With What You Have|References to Journal Articles|School Business Affairs|Krysiak, Barbara H. ||1999-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|49-53|||| Numerous studies have reported the deteriorating conditions in school buildings. One of the primary causes of this national problem is lack of proper maintenance of school facilities. Outlines a comprehensive assessment and planning process to provide a district with a road map for making decisions about facility improvement.|||Condition of Schools,Facilities Assessment Keeping Watch.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Fiel, Patrick||2006-09-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|SS4-SS6||||Presents a series of safety questions for school administrators to ask concerning school access points, visitor management, electronic surveillance, equipment security, IT security, environmental hazards, fire detection, and integration of systems.|||Preparedness for School Shootings or Terrorism,Safety and Security--PK-12 Kennesaw State University, Visual Arts Classrooms & Offices.|References to Journal Articles|Design Cost Data|||2002-11-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|21-22||||Describes the design of this Georgia academic building, featuring cost-saving solutions to a steep site. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.|||Art Facilities,Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION Kent Denver School Dining Hall |References to Journal Articles|GreenSource|||2012-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||In Englewood, Colorado, Semple Brown Design achieves the first LEED Platinum certified dining hall in the United States. Describes dining hall for a college preparatory day school for grades 6-12 that features a cafeteria, event space, kitchen, private offices, conference rooms, a loading dock, an orchard, and a student garden. |||Case Studies--Green Schools ,Food Service Facilities Kentucky Center for School Safety. Preparing for, Responding to, and Recovering from Attacks. |Related Web Sites||||2003-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|||||This webpage provides a variety of resources to help prepare for, respond, and recover from crises, including a school biological/chemical terrorist response plan, tips for principals, and information on helping school children cope with tragedy. |||Preparedness for Disasters -- Overview,Preparedness for Disasters - State Emergency Planning Guides,Preparedness for School Shootings or Terrorism Kentucky Department of Education 2010 District & Building Assessments.|References to Books and Other Media||||2010-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy||Text|Kentucky Department of Education, Frankfort||These building assessments explain the relative building conditions for each Kentucky educational facility using the following descriptors: Excellent (new, generally less than 10 years; Better (generally 10-20 years old; Good/Average (20-30 years old); Fair/Poor (30-40 years old, needs renovation); and Poor (older than 40 years old). The accompanying District Assessment Map explains the relative district assessment for each district by using the following descriptors: Green-Districts with limited facility needs, Yellow-Districts with moderate facility needs, and Red-Districts with significant facilty needs. |||Capital Improvement Programs,Condition of Schools,Facilities Assessment Kentucky Design Manual: Kentucky Green and Healthy Schools Design Criteria.|References to Books and Other Media||||2008-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|94|Text|Kentucky Enivronmental Education Council, Frankfort||Outlines 20 design criteria to assist Kentucky school districts build and renovate efficient schools. Each design criteria includes a fact sheet providing information on how the criterion interacts with other systems, best practice recommendations, reference standards and guidelines, industry and government resources, and a checklist for the criterion. The 20 design guidelines are organized under the four categories of energy, health and comfort, environment, and safe and accessible.|||Design -- State and Local Guidelines ,Green Schools,Healthy School Environments Kentucky Green and Healthy Schools|Related Web Sites|||||mmm yyyy|||||Assists the state's schools in achieving a sustainable and healthy environment with advice on taking action and keeping the school healthy, a list of participating schools, an awards program, and links to state guidelines for new construction and renovation.|||Healthy School Environments,Green Schools Kenyon Athletic Center.|References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|Murdock, James||2007-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|154-158|Text|||Profiles this new Ohio university athletic center featuring an expansive 165,000 square-foot open interior.|||Athletic Facilities--HIGHER EDUCATION,Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION Key Legal Issues for Schools.|References to Books and Other Media||Russo, Charles, ed.|ISBN-1-57886-344-9|2006-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|216|Text|Rowman and Littlefield Education, Lanham, MD||Covers a variety of legal issues for school officials, with facilities issues being included in chapters on school board contracting, transportation, technology, and special education students.|||Community Use - Policy and Agreements,Facilities Management Key Policy Letter from the Education Secretary to Chief State School Officers on Authorization of Qualified School Construction Bonds and Build America Bonds, and the Extension of Qualified Zone Academy Bonds.|References to Books and Other Media||||2009-05-29 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|||U. S. Deparment of Education||This letter describes the benefits of the Qualified School Construction Bonds (QSCB), Build America Bonds (BAB), and Qualified Zone Academy Bonds (QZAB) programs to help LEAs save money and make their repair, renovation, or construction dollars go further. Includes a fact sheet with basic facts on the bond programs, and a table with 2009 allocations to States of QSCBs and QZABs. |||Funding -- Federal,Funding -- Tax Credit Bonds Keyless Access.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Kennedy, Mike||2009-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|32-34||||Discusses the advantages of campus keyless access systems, particularly in combination with other access control technologies that help deter intruders and piggybacking of the unauthorized with the authorized.|||Access Control Systems,Windows and Doors Keys to a Safe, Secure School.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Kennedy, Mike||2002-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|24,26,28||||Outlines 10 steps that school administrators can take to make their schools safer and more secure for students and staff. These steps encompass crime prevention through environmental design, crisis planning, entrances, lighting, police presence, prevention programs, rapport with students, smaller schools, technology implementation, and staff training.|||CPTED for Schools,Safety and Security--PK-12 Keys to a Successful Roofing System.|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Kornahrens, Rob||1999-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|20,22||||Provides advice on successfully managing an educational facility's roofing system by first getting the best roofing system possible, then undertaking regular precautionary measures to assure its peak performance. Specific points address such areas as choosing a roofing contractor, hiring a professional to create specifications, monitoring installation, documenting project completion, and organizing creative maintenance.|||Roof Repair and Maintenance,Roof Selection Keys to Success.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Kennedy, Mike||2010-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|12-14,16|Text|||Describes 10 ways that schools can overcome and move beyond impediments to providing safe, healthful, and high-quality education. The 10 areas include finances, sustainable design, operating efficiency, educational technology, distance learning, security, indoor air quality, maintenance / cleaning, managing space, and community connection.|||Green Cleaning,Green Schools,Healthy School Environments,Indoor Air Quality,Maintenance and Cleaning Practices,Safety and Security--PK-12,Schools for the Future,Technology Integration, K-12 2008-2012 Keys to Success: School Facilities Primer, Questions & Answers 101.|References to Books and Other Media||Brady, Jim||2003-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|28|Text|PageSouthlandPage, Arlington, VA.||This publication provides answers to basic questions to help school board members more fully address the complexities of the planning, design, and construction process in order to maximize the goal of student success. The 101 questions and answers are in the areas of: facility planning; learning environment; information technology; safe schools; life cycle costing; facility standards; facility costs; maintenance; bond issues; site issues; accessibility; building codes; asbestos; working with architects; construction delivery options; and sustainabilty issues.|||Capital Improvement Programs,Design -- Overview,Planning -- Overview Kids and Cars.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Moore, Deb||2004-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|8||||Cites statistics on school travel hour road fatalities and describes methods of reducing risk to students through campus access and egress control, extended bus scheduling, and site design.|||Parking and Transportation Issues,Safety and Security--PK-12 Kids Know Their School Best.|References to Journal Articles|Educational Facility Planner|Carlson, Michael||2010-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|13-16|Text|||References the many reasons that students might drop out of high school, especially poor learning learning environments. The article offers suggestions from students about school design that foster interest in education and offer ideas for forums to gather student input.|||Impact of Facilities on Learning,Student Participation in Planning and Design Kids on the Block.|References to Journal Articles|Architecture|Woodbridge, Sally||2005-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|68-71||||Describes the light-filled Montessori Children's Center preschool in San Francisco, which met a tight construction schedule by using a prefabricated steel frame and roof deck commonly used in commercial buildings.|||Case Studies--Elementary Schools,Early Learning Facilities|Related Web Sites|||||mmm yyyy||Text|||Schools are using gardens, greenhouses, and schoolyard habitats to encourage children to make good food choices, augment classroom studies with experiential learning, build a love of nature, stimulate social interaction, facilitate cultural exchange, and more. This website, sponsored by the National Gardening Association, includes a Registry that documents these projects; a grant program; Kids Garden News; materials for teachers and parents, and a store. |||Gardens,Outdoor Learning Environments Kidswalk-to-School. A Component of the Center for Disease Control's State-based Physical Activity Initiative|Related Web Sites|||||mmm yyyy|||||This is a community-based program that aims to increase opportunities for daily physical activity by encouraging children to walk to and from school in groups accompanied by adults. At the same time, the program advocates for communities to build partnerships with the school, PTA, local police department, department of public works, civic associations, local politicians, and businesses to create an environment that is supportive of walking and bicycling to school safely. |||Parking and Transportation Issues,Smart Growth and Schools Kinder Bauen Ihre Schule. (Children Make Their School.)|References to Books and Other Media||Huebner, Peter|ISBN-3-932565-52-5|2005-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|179||Edition Axel Menges, Stuttgart, Germany||Profiles this German school, produced by a commission focusing on three points: the school should be a meeting-place, allowing young people coming from various nations and different religions to live together peacefully; the school should enable young people to look after the environment; and the school should be open to the district. The architects conceived the school as a little town, with the aims of achieving diversity, sophistication, and responsibility taken on by the users themselves. Students were active participants in the design. Each school house has its own entrance, cloakroom, toilets, a large gallery, a terrace, and a garden. The book describes the entire process from developing the educational program, planning and realization of the building, and the everyday running of the school. Abundant plans, photographs, and drawings accompany the text.|||Case Studies--K-12 Schools,Community Use ,Design -- International,Student Participation in Planning and Design Kindergarten Architecture.|References to Books and Other Media|||ISBN-1-58423-118-1|2001-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|192|Text|Gingko Press, Inc., Corte Madera, CA||This book presents 22 preschool buildings from all over the world, selected on the basis of how well they approximate an ideal preschool where children and educators live harmoniously in exceptional settings. The projects also include technological innovations (experimental materials, specific construction details) and visible ecological installations, such as energy savings through the use of solar panels, tanks for rainwater collection, or recycling of materials. Each building description contains several color photographs. (An appendix discusses children's playgrounds.) ||Gingko Press, Inc., 5768 Paradise Dr., Suite J, Corte Madera, CA 94925. Tel: 415-924-9615; Fax: 415-924-9608; |Case Studies--K-12 Schools,Early Learning Facilities,Green Schools,Playgrounds Kindergarten Architecture: Space for the Imagination. Second Edition.|References to Books and Other Media||Dudek, Mark|ISBN-0-419-24520-0|2000-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|217|Text|Spon Press, London, England||This publication about pre-school nursery design illustrates major issues and ideas about these spaces and provides comprehensive guidance for the planners and designers of such spaces. The author presents examples of historical and contemporary kindergartens that demonstrate practical ways that educational theory can be incorporated into new buildings. The guide addresses such issues as whether kindergartens should be designed like homes away from homes, what spaces a modern nursery should have, and what special details should be considered to enhance the learning environment. The book also charts attempts made by educators and architects over the last 100 years to provide educational environments for young children. This revised edition features two new projects from Denmark and the United States and provides new source material throughout the book. ||Spon Press 29 West 35th St. New York, NY 10001|Design -- International,Early Learning Facilities Kindergarten Sighartstein.|References to Journal Articles|Architype Review|||2010-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||Profiles this Austrian facility that offers multiple feel-good spaces via an ever-changing space continuum, inviting one to stray and move into them, providing both a retreat as well as a communications space. A list of project participants, photographs, and plans accompany the text.|||Design -- International,Early Learning Facilities Kindergartens, Schools and Playgrounds.|References to Books and Other Media||Canizares, Ana; Fajardo, Julio, eds.|ISBN-978-84-95832-85-6|2007-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|255||Loft Publications, Barcelona, Spain||Presents an international collection of recently built school facilities selected for their successful learning environments, promotion of togetherness and the exchange of ideas, and community use. The buildings all attempt to maximize energy savings, natural light, and ventilation. Each example is richly illustrated with plans and photographs.|||Case Studies--Elementary Schools,Case Studies--Green Schools ,Case Studies--High Schools,Case Studies--K-12 Schools,Case Studies--Middle Schools,Design -- International,Design -- Overview,Playgrounds King David High School.|References to Journal Articles|Canadian Architect|Weder, Adele||2006-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|31-35||||Profiles this Vancouver private Jewish high school, citing its open plan and natural interior finishes. Referencing various plantings found in the Bible, the overall landscape strategy is designed to cultivate an awareness of plants while creating a sense of ceremony. Plans, photographs, building statistics, and a listing of project participants are included.|||Case Studies--High Schools,Landscape Design King Pavilion, Iowa State University, College of Design.|References to Journal Articles|Design Cost Data|||2010-11-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|60,61|Text|||Profiles this new academic building that is fully daylit and features a green roof. Innovative building features and materials are also detailed. Building statistics, a list of the project participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.|||Case Studies--Green Colleges and Universities,Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION King's College in London Uses Private Financing Tool to Acquire New Teaching and Research Facilities. |References to Journal Articles|Urban Land|Logan, Jeff||2004-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|60||||As U.S. government funds become less available and research institutions seek greater autonomy, the British Private Finance Initiative (PFI) model may be worth exploring in the United States. With PFI, government agencies contract with private consortiums to design, build, own, and manage projects. The consortium leases the buildings back to a public authority, typically for 25 to 30 years, after which ownership transfers to the authority. This is a case study of two projects at King's College in London financed with PFI. |||Design -- United Kingdom,Funding Partnerships Kings of Infinite Space: How to Make Space Planning for Colleges and Universities Useful Given Constrained Resources |References to Books and Other Media||Janks, Gregory||2012-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|Society for College and University Planning||Instead of focusing on the application of formulae to strictly categorized space types, this describes an evolved comprehensive space planning practice for colleges and universities that emphasizes utilization, economic value, quality, and accountability both to the institutional mission and to stakeholders. |||Planning -- Overview,Space Requirements Kit for Purpose - Design to Deliver Creative Learning.|References to Books and Other Media||||2002-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|107|Text|Design Council, London, United Kingdom||Proposes ways to redesign the tools and resources of learning, and the systems of procurement, to raise academic achievement and support a 21st-century curriculum in Great Britain. The report describes the consequences of poorly designed and poor quality educational furnishings and resources. It proposes three different approaches to solving the problem by: linking the design of learning tools to educational outcomes, employing an interdisciplinary and participatory partnership approach, and linking policy and practice to adapt government guidance, regulation, control, and funding to meet the needs of a changing school system. |||Design -- United Kingdom,Furnishings Kitchen Construction Costs Are Still Rising.|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Fickes, Michael||2008-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|47-50|Text|||Discusses how costs for constructing culinary school kitchens has risen dramatically, largely due to a 50 percent rise in steel costs in the last six years. Recent slackening of demand for building products has helped costs to level off or even decline slightly.|||Career and Technical Education ,Construction Costs,Family and Consumer Sciences Know the Score: Scoreboard Options Run the Gamut.|References to Journal Articles|Recreation Management|Klingensmith, Dawn||2008-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|30-35|Text|||Explores a wide range of scoreboard options, from the most economical flip-style models that can cost as little as $30, to the most elaborate LED screens, whose significant costs may sometimes be offset by the selling of advertising. Wireless scoreboard technology and decorative architectural elements are also discussed.|||Athletic Facilities,Technology--Wireless Networks Knowing How to Measure a Green Building Can Help Sell Renewable Energy.|References to Journal Articles|Design Cost Data|Nutcher, Paul||2010-01-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|5,9,18|Text|||Discusses rating systems that help verify energy savings and promote renewable energy. The LEED and ASHRAE systems are discussed, with respective attention to the versions of LEED for new and existing buildings.|||Green Schools,LEED Certification ,Energy Management--Renewable Energy Knowing the Odds. Parameters that Predict Passing or Failing School District Bonds.|References to Journal Articles|Educational Policy|Bowers, Alex; Metzger, Scott; Militello, Matthew||2010-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|398-420|Text|||This study investigates parameters affecting the likelihood of passing school facility construction bonds by local district election. Using statewide data from Michigan, this study analyzes school bond data for urban, suburban, small town, and rural school districts that held capital improvement bond elections from 2000 to 2005. This analysis found four parameters that were significant in predicting either passage or failure of school bonds: bond amount, number of students enrolled, the number of times the bond was attempted, and district urbanicity. Examining district bond passage rates by urbanicity showed that rural districts have worse chances of passing bond elections than urban and suburban districts and that small-town districts have the worst chances of all. [Authors' abstract]|||Bond Issues and Campaigns,Rural School Facility Issues Knowledge Center: School Security Crisis Communications |References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Kennedy, Mike||2012-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||When a school or university is dealing with an emergency, communicating to constituents and the public is critical. To get the word out most effectively, administrators must choose methods that deliver information quickly to the greatest numbers of people who need to know. Discusses how education institutions need to be using social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter to communicate important news to students, staff, family members and the community at large. |||Preparedness for Disasters -- Overview,Preparedness for Disasters--HIGHER EDUCATION,Preparedness for Natural Disasters Korea's School Grounds Project.|References to Journal Articles|PEB Exchange|||2003-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|19-20||||Briefly describes Korea's Green School Project and School Forest Pilot Project. Provides contact for more information.|||Outdoor Learning Environments,Design -- International Kroon Hall, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies.|References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|||2009-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||Profiles this academic building with office space for 50 faculty and staff, three classrooms, a library, a learning center, a 175-seat auditorium, and an environment center for social gatherings. The contemporary structure blends the shape of a cathedral nave with that of a Connecticut barn, providing maximum performance in the New England climate. Extensive use of sustainable materials, rooftop photovoltaic panels, and a rainwater-harvesting system yielded a LEED Platinum facility. Project information and photographs are included.|||Administrative Spaces,Case Studies--Green Colleges and Universities,Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION Kvernhuset Ungdomsskole. [Fredrikstad, Norway] |References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|||2004-03-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|||||Describes a very environmentally sensitive middle school in a woodland setting. Building statistics and architect information are included.|||Case Studies--Green Schools ,Case Studies--Middle Schools L.A. County Schools Embracing Density: Panorama High School Stacks Four Levels Around a Quad.|References to Journal Articles|AIArchitect|Livingston, Heather||2007-06-22 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|||||Profiles this four-storey, 2,100-student high school designed to work on an urban site half as large as is typically indicated for a school of that size.|||Case Studies--High Schools,Urban School Facility Issues L.A. Facilities Chief Brings Military Ethic To Massive Operation |References to Journal Articles|Education Week |Joetta Sack||2005-02-02 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|||||Profile of Jim McConnell, facilities chief for the 740,000-student Los Angeles Unified School District. As the director of the largest school construction program in the country, he will oversee the building of 160 new schools and the renovation and maintenance of nearly 12,000 other facilities in one of the country's most densely populated areas. [Free subscription required to access online article.] |||Capital Improvement Programs,Project Management L.A.'s Learning Curve.|References to Journal Articles|The Architect|Dickinson, Elizabeth||2008-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|70-75|Text|||Profiles the Los Angeles Unified School District's multi-billion dollar capital improvement program, highlighting early failures, the hiring of large number of architects, the innovative and community-oriented designs, and a few of the most notable facilities, designed by renowned architects.|||Capital Improvement Programs,Design -- Overview,Design -- State and Local Guidelines L.B. Landry High School |References to Books and Other Media||||2011-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|HunterDouglasContract Project Gallery||New Orlean's Landry High School was nearly destroyed after Hurricane Katrina swept through the area. After many believed the school would not reopen, Landry High School was chosen by The Federal Emergency Management Agency, Louisiana Recovery Authority and Recovery School District to receive funding and grants to rebuild the school. The architectural team was challenged with designing a sustainable new high school that retained the old school's basic layout, with modern upgrades. The ceiling and exterior wall applications, along with other sustainable features of the school, have put the facility on track to receive LEED Silver Certification. Includes 10 photographs. |||Case Studies--Green Schools ,Case Studies--High Schools L.B. Landry High School.|References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|Lentz, Linda||2011-01-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|140-143|Text|||Profiles this new school that replaces one destroyed in Hurricane Katrina. The LEED-silver facility features extensive daylighting, views toward downtown New Orleans, and accommodations for a variety of community services.|||Case Studies--Green Schools ,Case Studies--High Schools LA Color School. |References to Journal Articles|Architecture Week |Milionis, Allison ||2006-10-18 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|p. D1.1||||Case study of the Dena Primary Center, a pre-Kindergarten through 2 school in a densely populated neighborhood of East Los Angeles. Within 25,000 square feet, the architects have arranged two kindergartens, eight primary classrooms, the administrative complex, a library, a multipurpose building that features a soaring 25-foot ceiling with floor-to-ceiling glazing, a kitchen, and the courtyard. The three buildings are distinct in shape, color, and design, and the teachers use the geometric forms of the buildings as educational tools. Brightly colored stucco walls in shades of purple, red, and canary yellow reflect the cultural heritage of the community while large glass walls, custom-designed galvanized steel panels, and mesh give the complex a contemporary aesthetic. |||Case Studies--Elementary Schools,Color Theory La Mesa Elementary School.|References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|||2004-03-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|||||Describes an Albuquerque elementary school situated in an immigrant and Native American neighborhood. The school's plaza serves as a community gathering place. Includes building statistics and architect information.|||Case Studies--Community Schools,Case Studies--Elementary Schools,Design -- Indigenous Cultures La Mirada High School.|References to Journal Articles|CASH Register|||2009-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|12,13||||Profiles this California high school expansion that features four geometric structures connected by breezeways with planter seating to encourage socialization.|||Case Studies--High Schools,Design -- Overview Lab Building Costs Plummet with Economy.|References to Journal Articles|Laboratory Design|Hammer, Ted||2009-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|1-4||||Outlines reasons for declining square foot construction costs for research laboratories, as well as the availability of federal stimulus funds for the same. A table illustrating 2008 and 2009 costs for various types of laboratories is included.|||Construction Costs,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Lab Construction Costs up 6% for 2005.|References to Journal Articles|Building Design and Construction|||2005-09-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|50-52|Text|||Details rising costs for laboratories due to higher construction costs, biocontainment requirements, escalation of equipment demand, and expansion of equipment-based science. Costs in most U.S. metropolitan markets are compared and benchmarked against those for the New York City area.|||Construction Costs,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Lab Design and the Expert: Experience Brings Benefits, Pitfalls.|References to Journal Articles|Laboratory Design|Hanley, June||2006-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|1,6-8||||Discusses the benefits that laboratory design expertise brings to a building team, but cautions also that such expertise should not merely repeat past successes that may not fit the client.|||Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION,Selecting Design Professionals Lab Honored for Dramatic Renovation of Key Space.|References to Journal Articles|Laboratory Design|Higginbotham, Julie||2009-05-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|12-14|Text|||Profiles Carleton University's Steacie SuperLab, a large and open facility created from four previous cramped and dark laboratories. Opening the space allowed for a doubling of fume hood capacity and a 20 percent increase in student capacity. The former ring corridor was reconfigured with modular prep labs and office space for lab coordinators, and incorporated into the teaching environment with the addition of chalkboard walls for impromptu discussions.|||Administrative Spaces,Awards 2008-2012,Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Lab of the Year Combines Efficiency, Site Sensitivity.|References to Journal Articles|Laboratory Design|Higginbotham, Julie||2009-05-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|3-7,25|Text|||Profiles Columbia University's Gary C. Comer Geochemistry Building, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Campus. The facility was sited for minimal environmental impact, preserving views, avoiding runoff, and minimizing disturbance to the landscape. A high office-to-laboratory ratio is accompanied by daylit atriums for casual interaction.|||Awards 2008-2012,Case Studies--Green Colleges and Universities,Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Lab Rehab Costs Rising to Approach Those of New Construction.|References to Journal Articles|Laboratory Design|Stark, Stanley||2007-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|1-4|Text|||Reviews rising laboratory renovation costs internationally, with tables illustrating 2006 and 2007 figures according to laboratory type, cost increases for 22 metropolitan areas worldwide, and New York City costs for twelve small-scale refurbishments.|||Construction Costs,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Lab Rehab Costs Rivaling Those of New Construction.|References to Journal Articles|Laboratory Design|Hammer, Ted||2008-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|1,7,8|Text|||Discusses costs for laboratory renovation and for new laboratories in international markets. 2007 cost increases for laboratories in 15 disciplines are included.|||Construction Costs,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Lab Renovation Costs Dip with Economic Doldrums.|References to Journal Articles|Laboratory Design|Hammer, Ted||2010-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|9,10|Text|||Discusses the decline in laboratory renovation costs, due to the weak economy. A chart accompanied by text details costs per square foot for laboratory renovations from 2007-2010.|||Construction Costs,Renovations,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Labor Savings.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Thetford, Terry||2010-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|28,30|Text|||Discusses outsourcing of custodial services, advising accurate accounting data of custodial services, achieving a change in culture, establishing budget priorities, developing cleaning standards, alignment of other support services, and front-loading the contract to accommodate changes.|||Maintenance--Custodial Staffing,Outsourcing Services Laboratories for the 21st Century: An Introduction to Low-Energy Design.|References to Books and Other Media||||2000-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|12|Text|U.S. Dept. of Energy and Environmental Protection Agency, Labs for the 21st Century, Washington, DC||Describes energy-efficient strategies for designing and equipping laboratories. Basic issues of laboratory energy consumption are discussed, along with key opportunities to improve energy performance during each phase of the design and acquisition process. Standard and advanced technologies and practices are included. |||Energy Management,Science Facilities,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Laboratories.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|||2006-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|112-117|Text|||Presents one high school and four higher education laboratories selected for the American School & University 2006 Educational Interiors Showcase. The projects were chosen for their creative renovations and use of existing conditions, engaging and delightful spaces, use of natural light and sustainable materials, technology integration, functionality, and flexibility. Building statistics, a list of project participants, and photographs are included.|||Awards 1990-2007,Science Facilities,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Laboratories.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|||2007-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|115-117|Text|||Profiles three higher education laboratories honored in American School and University Magazine's Educational Interiors Showcase. The projects were selected for their high performance principles, innovation, functionality, contextual relationship, humanism, and building quality. Photographs and building statistics accompany a brief description of each project.|||Awards 1990-2007,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Laboratories.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|||2009-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|99,100||||Profiles one high school and one higher education laboratory selected for the 2009 American School and University Magazine Education Interiors Showcase. The projects were chosen for their ability to integrate current and future technology, innovative use of materials, life-cycle cost versus first cost, timelessness, safety and security, clarity of design concept, and accommodation of an enhanced educational mission. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.|||Awards 2008-2012,Science Facilities,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Laboratories.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|||2008-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|110,112-115||||Profiles one high school and two higher education laboratories that were recognized in the American School and University Magazine's Educational Interiors Showcase. The projects were selected for their sustainability, character, long-term appropriateness of materials and colors, innovation, adaptability, collaborative spaces, and safety. Photographs and project statistics accompany a brief description of each project.|||Awards 2008-2012,Science Facilities,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Laboratories.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|||2004-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|110-112|Text|||Presents three higher education laboratory projects selected for the American School & University 2004 Educational Interiors Showcase. The awards were based on the jury's estimation of the projects' adaptability, innovation, humanism, appropriateness to site, sustainability, and timelessness. Building statistics, designers, and photographs are included.|||Awards 1990-2007,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Laboratories.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|||2002-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|121-23||||Describes the design of notable school laboratories, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on architects, suppliers, and cost, as well as photographs.|||Science Facilities,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Laboratory Barriers in Science, Engineering, and Mathematics for Students with Disabilities. |References to Books and Other Media|| Heidari, Farzin ||1996-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|18p.|Text|The study was conducted under a grant from the Regional Alliance for Science, Engineering, and Mathematics, New Mexico State University ||This report addresses the barriers college students with disabilities face in the laboratory setting. In engineering, mathematics, and science education most courses require laboratory work which may pose challenges to those with disabilities. Instructors should be aware of the individual needs of students with disabilities and make necessary accommodations. The legal requirements on accessibility are reviewed in both the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act. Services for students with disabilities that may be available at postsecondary institutions are explained. The characteristics that should be considered for the design of innovative tools or for modifying existing equipment in the laboratory settings are examined. Factors are highlighted that should be considered before the modification of laboratories. The design and production of a disability-accessible Computer Assisted Design/Computer Assisted Mathematics station are described and illustrated. |||Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION,Special Education Accomodation Laboratory Design Integrated Research and Learning Experience.|References to Journal Articles|Educational Facility Planner|Jensen, Mark||2008-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|5-20||||Profiles Emory University's chemistry facilities, describing the openness between teaching and laboratory spaces, modular and flexible furnishings, and movable walls. Photographs and cost details accompany the text.|||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Laboratory Renovation: The Hidden Cost.|References to Journal Articles|Facilities Manager|Manicone, Santo||2000-03-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|45-47||||Provides an overview of the variety of problems that may be incurred, and the series of procedures that can be used, to manage science laboratory renovation activities. Examines the various project phases, including planning, decontamination and moving, construction and renovation, and moving in stages. |||Science Facilities,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Laboratory Safety Institute|Related Web Sites||||||||||National non-profit educational organization promoting health and safety in school science laboratories. The Massachusetts-based group provides training, publications, grants, a lending library, a list-serv and a newsletter. |||Hazardous Materials,Safety and Security--PK-12,Science Facilities,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Labplan|References to Books and Other Media||||2003-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|||National Science Foundation, Washington, DC||This interactive publication, the result of a planning study sponsored by the National Science Foundation, provides tools, guidelines, and data necessary to plan and design high school science, math, and technology education laboratories and support spaces. Includes information on forming a planning committee, assumptions, curriculum needs and guidelines, facility programs, architect selection, and design. |||Science Facilities,Career and Technical Education Labs for the 21st Century|Related Web Sites|||||mmm yyyy|||||Labs21 is a voluntary program dedicated to improving the energy efficiency and environmental performance of U.S. laboratories. The Labs21 program has developed a Tool Kit of resources to support the design, construction, and operation of high-performance laboratories. The tools include design guides, case studies, a performance rating system, a video, and other products. The program is sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy. |||Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION,Green Schools,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Labs21 Design Process Manual.|References to Books and Other Media||||2004-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|||U.S. Department of Energy; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency||Provides guidance on the design process for high performance laboratories, leveraging the Labs21 tools. It includes the following: 1) The Design Process Checklist specifically lists process-related action items for each stage of the building design and delivery process, with links to relevant Labs21 tools for each action item. 2) The Sustainable Strategies Checklist is a “quick-reference” list of sustainable design strategies, categorized by area of environmental impact (i.e., energy, water, materials, etc), with links to detailed information for each strategy.|||Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION,Green Schools,Science Facilities,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Labs21 Environmental Performance Criteria, Version 3.0|References to Books and Other Media||||2010-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|25|Text|U.S. Dept. of Energy and Environmental Protection Agency, Labs for the 21st Century, Washington||Provides a rating system for use with laboratory building projects to assess environmental performance. It builds on the LEED Green Building Rating System that was developed by the U.S. Green Building Council. As with the LEED system for commercial and institutional facilities, this publication proposes a point system that quantifies sustainable building features and practices, with the goal of obtaining silver, gold, and or platinum ratings. |||Energy Management,LEED Certification ,Science Facilities,Science Facilities --HIGHER EDUCATION Lack of Short-Wavelength Light During the School Day Delays Dim Light Melatonin Onset (DLMO) in Middle School Students.|References to Journal Articles|Neuroendocrinology Letters|Figueiro, Mariana; Rea, Mark||2010-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|92-96|Text|||Reports the results of a study investigating whether removal of short-wavelength light during the morning hours delayed the onset of melatonin in young adults. Dim light melatonin onset (DLMO) was measured in eleven 8th-grade students before and after wearing orange glasses, which removed short-wavelength light, for a five-day school week. DLMO was significantly delayed (30 minutes) after the five-day intervention, demonstrating that short-wavelength light exposure during the day can be important for advancing circadian rhythms in students. The results show that removal of short-wavelength light in the morning hours can delay DLMO in 8th-grade students. These field data, consistent with results from controlled laboratory studies, are directly relevant to lighting practice in schools.|||Daylighting,Impact of Facilities on Learning--Research Studies,Lighting Lady Bird Johnson Middle School / Corgan Associates|References to Journal Articles|Arch Daily |King, Victoria||2012-04-10 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy||Text|||Description and photos of first net-zero designed school in the state of Texas. The 152,250-square-foot campus is aiming to be the largest net zero educational facility in the country once it is completed.|||Case Studies--Green Schools ,Case Studies--Middle Schools Lake Superior's Remedy.|References to Journal Articles|High Performing Buildings|Williams, David||2009-04-01 00:00:00.0|Season|6-17||||Profiles Minnesota's Two Harbors High School, a high performance school featuring native plants that require no irrigation, bicycle path connections to the town and other recreational areas, high-efficiency HVAC systems, and extensive heat recovery strategies.|||Case Studies--Green Schools ,Case Studies--High Schools,Green Schools Lamar Institute of Technology, Multi-Purpose Building.|References to Journal Articles|Design Cost Data|||2005-07-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|32,33||||Describes the conversion of an early 1960's sorority dormitory into a modern technical education facility through partial demolition and a new addition. Interior finishes mimic the natural elements and colors of the surrounding landscape. Building statistics, a listing of the design and construction participants, cost details, a floor plan, and photographs are included.|||Career and Technical Education ,Renovations Lamp Recycling, Step by Step.|References to Journal Articles|Maintenance Solutions|||2007-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|26|||,%20 fluorescent,%20mercury,%20lighting|Advises on inventory of fluorescent lamp purchase, use, and disposal; employee training for lamp handling and disposal; developing a purchasing and recycling plan; and choosing a lamp recycling company.|||Hazardous Materials,Lighting Land Acquisition Practices of the Miami-Dade County School District. A Special Review.|References to Books and Other Media||||2001-05-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|60|Text|Florida State Legislature,Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability, Tallahassee||This review, requested by the Florida Legislature, answers six questions about Miami-Dade County School District's land acquisition practices: (1) Does the district effectively identify its facility needs and plan for those needs? (2) Does the district acquire the land it needs? (3) Has the district adopted land acquisition processes needed to ensure that it acquires land at reasonable prices? (4) Does the district construct cost-effective facilities? (5) Can the need for construction be limited by more efficient use of existing facilities? (6) Can the district raise extra local revenue to support its construction program? The review's findings indicate that, while the district is generally effective in identifying its facility needs, it has not acquired the land it needed because it often did not use the five-year construction plan to guide its acquisitions, nor has it established procedures to help ensure it pays reasonable land prices. The findings conclude that the district is capable of raising adequate funds for new facilities and land without raising taxes or obtaining additional state funding. |||Capital Improvement Programs,Funding -- State and Local ,Site Selection Land for Granted: The Effects of Acreage Policies on Rural Schools and Communities.|References to Books and Other Media||Lawrence, Barbara Kent||2003-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|15|Text|The Rural School and Community Trust, Washington, D.C. ||In many states, receiving state aid to build a new school--or renovate an existing one--is contingent on compliance with state policies that state the minimum acreage necessary for a particular type of school. This report finds that these minimum acreage requirements--imposed in 23 states--often create special problems for rural school districts. This explains the kinds of policies in effect in various states, and outlines their impacts on small and rural school districts. ||Rural School and Community Trust, 1825 K Street NW, Suite 703, Washington, D.C. 2006; Tel: 202-955-7177. |Rural School Facility Issues,Site Selection Land Use Management: Retirement Communities Evade Public School Impact Fees.|References to Journal Articles|Florida Law Review|Sullivan, James H. ||2000-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|p409-417||||This discusses a Florida law case concerning the payment of public school impact fees by a developer of a mobile home park persons aged 55 and older. |||Impact Fees,Senior Citizens and Schools Landmark Buildings Redefine 2-year Campuses-and Blot Out Ugly Mistakes.|References to Journal Articles|The Chronicle of Higher Education|Biemiller, Lawrence||2008-10-31 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|B14-B17||||Describes several new thoughtfully designed community college buildings, which stand in contrast to an abundance of unloved structures from the community college building boom of the 1960's and 70's.|||Design -- Community Colleges,Design -- HIGHER EDUCATION,Design -- History Landscape Architecture.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|||2002-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|314-17|Text|||Describes the award-winning design of three school landscapes. Includes construction details and photographs.|||Awards 1990-2007,Landscape Design Landscape as Playscape: The Effects of Natural Environments on Children's Play and Motor Development.|References to Journal Articles|Children, Youth and Environments|Fjoertoft, Ingunn||2004-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|21-44|Text|||Reports on an investigation of the impacts of playing in a natural environment on motor development in children. Methods from landscape ecology were applied for landscape analysis and entered into a Geographic Information System (GIS). Localization of play habitats was done by use of Global Positioning Systems (GPS). A quasi-experimental study was conducted on five-, six-, and seven- year old children with an experimental group playing in a natural environment and a control group playing in a more traditional playground. When provided with a natural landscape in which to play, children showed a statistically significant increase in motor fitness. There were also significant differences between the two groups in balance and co-ordination in favor of the experimental group. Includes 60 references. |||Landscape Design,Playgrounds Landscape for Learning: The Impact of Classroom Design on Infants and Toddlers.|References to Journal Articles|Early Childhood News|Torelli, Louis; Currett, Charles||1996-03-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|12-17||||Offers guidelines for a developmentally designed environment for infants and toddlers. Notes that a developmentally designed classroom environment supports children's individual and social development; encourages exploration, focused play, and cooperation; provides choices for children that support self-directed learning; and supports the caregiver-child relationship. |||Early Learning Facilities,Impact of Facilities on Learning Landscape Solutions to School Problems.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Spitz, Katherine||2002-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|18,20,22||||Discusses key lessons in school landscape design. Landscapes should: (1) include trees and plants that themselves provide hands-on teaching opportunities; (2) enhance health and safety in a number of ways while performing their other functions; (3) be sensitively designed relative to location to cut energy costs; and (4) be aesthetic as well as practical assets for their neighborhoods.|||CPTED for Schools,Landscape Design Landscape to Educate.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Jacobson, John||2007-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|20,22,24,25,27||||Reviews opportunities for community use and outdoor learning through thoughtful design of the school facility landscape. Examples of how three Maine schools provide outdoor learning and community access to athletic fields are included.|||Landscape Design,Outdoor Learning Environments Landscapes for Learners: School Ground Guidelines.|References to Books and Other Media||George, Linda||2001-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|18|Text|Greening Schoolgrounds Program, Wild Bird Trust of British Columbia, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada||School grounds can and should support curriculum, protect children from health risks, and provide high-quality space in the community for educational and recreation. School community-based initiatives to green school grounds provide these benefits at comparatively little cost to school boards. These guidelines establish the educational rationale for creating landscapes for learners. The guidelines are primarily directed at school community groups (parents, teachers, students, and community members) who choose to design, establish, and maintain landscapes for learners on school grounds. Recommendations outline a pathway to change including the removal of barriers for school community-based initiatives on school grounds. The guidelines link the value of educational landscapes to the mandated British Columbia school curriculum. |||Grounds Maintenance,Outdoor Learning Environments Landscaping for Safety and Security.|References to Journal Articles|College Planning and Management|Kollie, Ellen||2003-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|18,20||||Advises incorporation of landscaping design for safety within campus master plans. Discusses plantings that preserve sight lines and enhance safety, as well as ways to separate pedestrians and vehicles.|||CPTED for Schools,Landscape Design,Safety and Security--HIGHER EDUCATION Landscaping With Maintenance in Mind.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Sorensen, Randy||2000-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|52-54||||Examines school ground landscape design that enhances attractive of the school and provides for easier maintenance. Landscape design issues discussed include choice of grass, trees, and shrubs; irrigation; and safety and access. Other considerations for lessening maintenance problems for facility managers are also highlighted. |||Grounds Maintenance,Landscape Design Langston High School Continuation/Langston-Brown Community Center, Arlington, Virginia.|References to Journal Articles|Learning By Design|||2004-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Text|||The 2004 Learning by Design Grand Prize Winner, Langston High School and Langston-Brown Community Center includes a 135-student continuing education high school, community recreation department, senior citizen and teen programs, and Head Start program. The school received the USGBC LEED Certified Silver Rating. ||Learning by Design; Email:|Awards 1990-2007,Case Studies--Community Schools,LEED Certification L'Architecture Scolaire.|References to Journal Articles|Bulletin de la CIIP|||2004-12-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|37|Text|Conference Intercantonale de L'Instuction Publique de la Suisse Romande et du Tessin, Neuchatel, Switzerland||Presents a collection of French essays and inteviews on the history of educational architecture, educational design to accommodate various pedagogies, design for early childhood education, educational design today, and educational design of the future. |||Design -- History,Design -- International Largest California State University Campus Saves Millions with Energy Management.|References to Books and Other Media||||2005-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|3|Text|Itron, Spokane, WA||Describes significant energy savings realized through a real-time data collection system that interfaced with the existing building automation system and a new distributed electric metering scheme. By this means, the institution was able to accurately monitor, verify, analyze, and benchmark its energy and procurement operations, as well as meet state-mandated energy consumption restrictions.|||Energy Management--HIGHER EDUCATION,Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION LASALLE College of the Arts.|References to Journal Articles|Architectural Record|||2009-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|||||Profiles this arts campus with classrooms, studios, offices, an art shop, exhibition space, student center, faculty lounge, library, and study pods. The complex occupies a full block in the heart of Singapore. Six entrances from four different streets make the building accessible to both students and the public. The exterior walls, made of aluminum and black stone, enclose a canyon-like interior surrounded by glass and steel volumes. Bridges link the volumes and serve as performance platforms. Project information and photographs are included.|||Art Facilities,Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Design -- International Last but Not Least.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Eckmann, Aimee||2011-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|20-24|Text|||Describes how an early learning center with a large special needs enrollment carefully selected furniture for ergonomics and a warm palette. Before purchasing, various furnishings were tested in place, with teachers and therapists evaluating the results.|||Early Learning Facilities,Furnishings,Special Education Accomodation Lasting Dividend|References to Journal Articles|High Performing Buildings|Heffelmire, Jason ||2012-04-01 00:00:00.0|Season|p56-64|Text|||Case study of University of Florida's William R. Hough Hall, a LEED Gold graduate business studies building that uses 42% less energy than the baseline. Ample daylighting, breakout study rooms, lounges, lockers and a convenience store make it one of the most popular buildings on campus. A solar hot-water system is the primary source of domestic water heating. Efficient plumbing fixtures and drought-tolerant landscaping help reduce water use.|||Case Studies--Green Colleges and Universities,Green Schools --HIGHER EDUCATION Lasting Value.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Jolicoeur, Mark; Kahl, Melanie||2010-07-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|16,18,19|Text|||Promotes the value of retrofitting and renovating older, neighborhood schools. Improved public health from walking to school, lower property taxes for having not built a new school, saved transportation costs, and a strengthened community are cited. The example of Illinois' Lake Forest High School is cited.|||Build New or Renovate?,Preserving Historic Schools,Renovations LAUSD School Facilities and Academic Performance.|References to Books and Other Media||Buckley, Jack; Schneider, Mark; Shang, Yi||2004-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|12|Text|National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities, Washington, DC||Reports the results of a study within the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) that examined the relationship between a school's compliance with health and safety regulations and its academic performance. Schools were evaluated on fourteen measures of compliance which included aspects of environment, safety, maintenance, and vehicular traffic. The fourteen measures were combined to create an Overall Compliance Rating (OCR) for each school. The aurthors found that the OCR was linked to academic achievement. (Includes eight references.)|||healthy research,Healthy School Environments,Impact of Facilities on Learning LAUSD's High School for the Visual and Performing Arts Prepares to Open Its doors|References to Journal Articles|CASH Register|||2009-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|13,14||||Profiles this much-anticipated magnet school that will draw from the entire district, but will be primarily populated with students from the surrounding underserved urban neighborhood. Extensive availability of the facility to the community is emphasized.|||Auditoriums and Performing Arts ,Case Studies--Community Schools,Case Studies--High Schools LAVA: Classroom of the Future |References to Books and Other Media||||2012-01-25 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy||Text|Designboom||Shows a classroom of the future, a prefabricated and relocatable classroom unit that integrates into the landscape while enhancing the learning environment, allowing adjustments for changing needs of remote schools. Transforming the stigma of unsightly and unpleasant moveable architecture, this design attempts to make learning fun and exciting within a sustainable, practical and cost effective structure. Designed by Australia's laboratory for visionary architecture [LAVA]. Includes renderings, diagrams, and perspectives.|||Classrooms,Modular Construction,Portable Classrooms,Schools for the Future Law Gives Charter Schools Access to Tax-Exempt Bonds. |References to Journal Articles|School Reform News [Heartland Institute]|Howard, Mark||2002-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|||||A change to federal law permits local school districts and charter schools to enter into public-private partnerships to take advantage of tax-exempt bonds for developing new school facilities as well as renovating, refurbishing, and equipping existing ones. This article includes definitions of a qualified public educational facility, public-private partnership agreement, and a school facility. |||Charter School Facilities Funding,Funding -- Federal,Funding -- Tax Credit Bonds,Funding Partnerships Law School Facilities Project Showcase.|References to Books and Other Media||Kennedy, Jocelyn||2005-11-28 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|||American Bar Association||This is a compilation of websites that contain information about new construction or renovation projects on law school campuses across the country, including examples of several law libraries. A brief description of the contents of each website is included. Law schools with no construction projects but who have created impressive virtual tours of their campus are included. |||Case Studies--HIGHER EDUCATION,Design -- HIGHER EDUCATION,Library Facilities--HIGHER EDUCATION Lawsuits in the Air.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Hays, Larry||2000-06-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|35-36||Primedia Intertec, Overland Park, KS||Discusses why indoor air quality problems in schools should be treated, not only as a health problem issue, but as a potential for legal actions. What types of proof are needed to make a legal claim involving indoor air problems are addressed as are the elements which constitute a sick building.|||Healthy School Environments,Indoor Air Quality Lay of the Land. Facility of the Month.|References to Journal Articles|School Construction News|Schneider, Jay W.||2002-03-01 00:00:00.0|Two_Months|29-32|Text|||Describes the new San Pasqual Union School, designed to blend with its surrounding agricultural community in California; serving grades K-8, the 26-acre compound resembles a working farm, but buildings include 21st-century technology. Includes photographs, project data, and a sidebar on whiteboard technology products.|||Case Studies--K-12 Schools,Interactive Whiteboards,Rural School Facility Issues Laying the Groundwork.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Kretchmer, Mark R.||2000-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|173-76||Primedia Intertec, Overland Park, KS||Discusses how to avoid costly errors in high-tech retrofits through proper planning and coordination. Guidelines are offered for selecting cable installers, using multi-disciplinary consulting engineering firm, and space planning when making high-tech retrofits.|||Renovations,Technology Integration, K-12 1990-2007 LBJ NetZero Middle School |References to Books and Other Media||Sole, John||2011-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy||Video|Guerilla Educators||On November, 11-12, educational facilities planners from CEFPI had the opportunity to visit and participate in a NetZero Symposium at the Lady Bird Johnson Middle School, located in Irving, Texas. In this video, a tour of the school is given by Alejandro, a student there. The school is virtually paperless and produces more energy than it uses which is then sold back to the local utility company. |||Case Studies--Green Schools ,Energy Management,Energy Management--Renewable Energy Lead Astray.|References to Journal Articles|Athletic Business|Cohen, Andrew||2008-08-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|32-34,36,38||||Elaborates on a recent discovery of lead in artificial playing turf fibers. The evolution of the discovery and warnings that were issued, the responses from the artificial turf industry, the ingestibility of lead-contaminated dust from the fields, controversies concerning the sampling and actual risk, and other issues surrounding lead content in products to which children might be exposed are covered.|||Athletic Fields,Hazardous Materials,Lead Safety Lead Exposure Reduction Act of 1992.|References to Books and Other Media||||1992-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|156 |Text|U.S. House of Representatives, 102d Congress, 2d Session.||This two-part report deals with the Lead Exposure Reduction Act of 1992(H.R. 5730), an amendment to the Toxic Substances Control Act and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The amendment is intended to lead to the reduction of levels of lead in the environment and to lower the degree of childhood exposure to lead. The bill provides for a program of inspection for lead-based paint at covered schools and for lead hazards at covered day care facilities; inspections in cases of lead in drinking water at covered schools and facilities; a program for training and licensing of lead-based paint abatement contractors and their workers; and repair or recall of drinking water coolers.|||Hazardous Materials,Lead Safety Lead Hazards in California's Public Elementary Schools and Child Care Facilities: Report to the California State Legislature|References to Books and Other Media||||1998-04-15 00:00:00.0|mmm dd, yyyy|56||California Department of Health Services, Division of Environmental and Occupational Disease Control, Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Branch, Sacramento||In response to California's 1992 Lead-Safe Schools Protection Act, the state's Department of Health Services conducted a study of the extent of lead contamination in paint, soil, and water in California schools. Data were collected in the field between 1995 and 1997. This report presents the study findings to the state legislature and makes recommendations for ensuring that all California schools are lead-safe schools. Findings and recommendations are as follows. (1) As is the case with housing in California and across the nation, lead-containing paint is present in most California public elementary schools and child care facilities. With proper training, resources, and support, it can be managed safely as part of standard maintenance and operations practices. (2) If lead-safe work practices are instituted and continued over time, they are safer, more efficient, and more cost effective than wholesale removal of lead-containing paint. (3) The lead content of bare soil may be elevated if the soil is close to painted exterior walls. Simple steps can eliminate potential exposure hazards. (4) Lead may be present in drinking water in about 18 percent of schools and child care facilities. A testing, remediation, and replacement program will identify and eliminate this potential source of exposure. The report concludes with the Department of Health Services' action plan and several recommendations. |||Hazardous Materials,Lead Safety Lead in American Schools: What School Districts Should and Should Not Do.|References to Books and Other Media||||2001-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|17p.||Institute for Environmental Assessment, Brooklyn Park, MN||Examines the lead issue in school buildings, noting that even minimal exposures to lead can create diagnosable health problems in children. Includes comments about current regulations and laws pertaining to the areas of soil, water, air, debris disposal, surfaces, and level of lead in the blood. Lists responses to lead that schools should take and those that they should avoid. Includes a list of safeguards for schools undergoing renovation or remodeling programs to reduce or remove lead, a suggested school board policy statement for lead poisoning prevention, and a lead metal information sheet.||Institute for Environmental Assessment, 7101 Northland Circle, Suite 209, Brooklyn Park, MN 55427; Tel: 612-535-7721|Hazardous Materials,Lead Safety Lead in Drinking Water in Schools and Non-Residential Buildings.|References to Books and Other Media||||1994-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|105p|Text|Environmental Protection Agency Office of Water, Washington, DC||This manual demonstrates how drinking water in schools and non-residential buildings can be tested for lead and how contamination problems can be corrected if found. It also provides background information concerning the sources and health effects of lead, how lead gets into drinking water, how lead in drinking water is regulated, and how to communicate lead issues with a facility's users. This manual is intended for use by officials responsible for the maintenance and/or safety of these facilities. Appendices contain a directory of Environmental Protection Agency and State drinking water programs, a terms glossary, a water cooler summary, a list of lead resources, a sample record keeping form, and containers for preserving samples.|||Healthy School Environments,Lead Safety Lead Paint in Schools |References to Books and Other Media||||2004-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|||Natural Resources Defense Council||In a Q&A format, this answers such questions as: How do I determine whether my child's school has a problem with lead paint?; Why should we be concerned only about peeling and chipped paint?; and What is considered to be an unacceptable level of lead in paint? This includes sources for further information. |||Hazardous Materials,Lead Safety Lead Safety and School Modernization.|References to Books and Other Media||||2001-09-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|12|Text|California Lead Safe Schools Project.||This factsheet is for anyone responsible for modernization projects in California's public schools where materials containing lead may be disturbed or where lead abatement is planned. It explains the state requirements for properly dealing with lead hazards so that children and workers are protected. Its sections address why to be concerned about lead in schools, what lead regulations apply to school districts, non-compliance, proper procedures, and resources.|||Hazardous Materials,Healthy School Environments,Lead Safety,Renovations Leadership and Learning Landscapes: The Struggle for the Idea of the University|References to Journal Articles|Higher Education Quarterly|Neary, Mike; Saunders, Gary||2011-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|p333-352 |Text|||This paper focuses on the academic involvement in the design and delivery of new teaching and learning spaces in higher education. The findings are based on research conducted at 12 universities within the United Kingdom. The paper examines the nature of academic involvement in the design and decision-making process of pedagogic space design, revealing some of the complexities and the tensions within this area of academic leadership. The research found that innovation and creativity on particular projects is often restricted by the project management decision-making processes and that broader institutional aims are often underplayed once the design process goes into project mode. The paper concludes by calling for greater academic involvement in the design process in ways that allow for critical reflexivity based on discussions around the concept of the idea of the university. [Authors' abstract]|||Design -- HIGHER EDUCATION,Design -- United Kingdom,Impact of Facilities on Learning--Research Studies Leading the Transition from Classrooms to Learning Spaces.|References to Journal Articles|Educause Quarterly|Oblinger, Diana||2005-10-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|14-18||||Presents considerations for learning space design, emphasizing the migration away from the traditional classroom as the sole venue for instruction. Incorporation of virtual learning and an improved understanding of human cognition inform this discussion of learner- and discipline-centered space design. Includes 12 references. |||Classrooms--HIGHER EDUCATION,Schools for the Future Lead-Safe Practices for Older and Historic Buildings.|References to Books and Other Media||||2011-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy||Text|National Trust for Historic Preservation||Offers guidance on renovations of buildings with pre-1978 paint, which may contain lead. Through inexpensive materials and lead-safe renovation techniques, historic buildings can be made lead safe while preserving their architectural features. New federal requirements for contractor requirements concerning lead-based paint abatement are also addressed.|||Lead Safety,Preserving Higher Education Campuses,Preserving Historic Schools,Renovations Lead-Safe Schools Curriculum.|References to Books and Other Media||Dewey, Robin; Dionne, Leonor; Arroyo, Michele Gonzalez||2000-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|81p.|Text|University of California, Labor Occupational Health Program, Berkeley||This guide presents lesson plans, overheads, and handouts that can be used to present a five-hour course on lead hazards in school maintenance work. The course is designed to give school employees the necessary information and skills they need to protect themselves and school children from exposure. The course requires no health or safety expertise to teach. Each topic is taught using participatory learning activities. Lessons cover reasons why there should be concern over the presence of lead in schools, where lead is found in schools, effects of lead exposure, ways that lead exposure typically takes place, respiratory protection, lead-safe work practices, and a summary lesson.||Lead-Safe Schools Project, Labor Occupational Health Program, University of California, 2223 Fulton, St., Berkeley, CA 94720-5120;Tel: 510-642-5507|Hazardous Materials,Lead Safety,Maintenance and Cleaning Practices Lead-Safe Schools Guide For Maintenance and Operations Departments.|References to Books and Other Media||Dewey, Robin; Bateson, Gail; Arroyo, Michele; Plog, Barbara A.; Dionne, Leonor||2000-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|172|Text|University of California,Labor Occupational Health Program, Berkeley||This guide provides California school districts with information for creating safer lead-free school environments through better custodial and maintenance policies and practices. The guide examines the health effects of lead, elements of a lead program, strategies to identify lead in schools, maintenance task analysis, worker protection guidelines, safe work practices, worker training strategies, and program documentation and evaluation. Examples of program forms are also provided. Appendices contain summary reports from the California Department of Health Services, Lead in Construction Standards, Hazard Communication Standard, and Injury and Illness Prevention Program. Also included is information on the Lead-Safe Schools Protection Act and Title 17 of California's regulations for working around lead hazards, contractor requirements, volunteer guidelines, a resource list, and glossary.||Lead-Safe Schools Project, Labor Occupational Health Program, University of California, 2223 Fulton, St., Berkeley, CA 94720-5120;Tel: 510-642-5507|Hazardous Materials,Lead Safety,Maintenance and Cleaning Practices Lead-Safe Schools Kit.|References to Books and Other Media||||2000-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy||Text|University of California, Lead-Safe Schools Project, Berkeley, CA||This kit contains four trainers tools for educating California school maintenance and operations personnel on providing lead-safe schools. Contents include the Lead-Safe Schools Curriculum that has complete lesson plans and masters for overheads and handouts. Separate sets of overheads and handouts are also provided for easy copying. Also included are the Lead-Safe Schools Guide that provides in-depth background information on lead hazards and state policies on managing lead in schools. The Working in a Lead-Safe School booklet is of for use by class participants and is designed to accompany the curriculum. Finally, the kit provides a video, Lead The Invisible Threat, that is shown during the class and focuses on lead exposure and lead-safe work practices.||Lead-Safe Schools Project, Labor Occupational Health Program, University of California, 2223 Fulton, St., Berkeley, CA 94720-5120; Tel: 510-642-5507|Hazardous Materials,Lead Safety,Maintenance and Cleaning Practices Lean, Mean and Green.|References to Journal Articles|Educational Facility Planner|Standfield, Kenneth||2010-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|33-36|Text|||Lists detailed information for design strategies to consider in constructing an affordable Net Zero school.|||Energy Management,Green Schools Lean, Mean and Green: An Affordable Net Zero School. |References to Journal Articles|Educational Facility Planner|Stanfield, Kenneth||2010-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy||Text|||Discusses the design of Richardsville Elementary in Kentucky, to be an affordable net zero facility. By reducing energy use to 19.31 kBtus annually, the net zero goal could be realized through the implementation of a solar array capable of producing enough energy to meet the school's operating demands. Coupled with the goal of a LEED certified facility, the building's components were identified and implemented to affordably attain a facility that demonstrates a sustainable site, net zero energy, water efficiency, materials and resources conservation, and an indoor/outdoor environment that promotes a healthy, progressive learning atmosphere while reducing life cycle maintenance costs and zeroing out electricity costs. |||Case Studies--Green Schools ,Energy Management,Energy Management--Renewable Energy,Green Schools,LEED Certification ,Life Cycle Costs Learn & Live Resource Book.|References to Books and Other Media||Burness, Patty, Ed.; Snider, William, Ed.||1997-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|300p|Text|George Lucas Educational Foundation, San Rafael, CA||This resource manual focuses on innovative schools around the country that are integrating technology and involving parents, business, and the community. Ten chapters are divided into four sections. In Section 1, Students, two chapters look at learning and assessment. The two chapters in Section 2, Teachers, focus on the role of the teacher and learning to teach. In Section 3, Communities, the three chapters explore involving families, connecting communities, and business partnerships. In the final section, Schools, the three chapters discuss reinventing schools, places for learning, and technology. Each chapter contains four elements: visionary essays; reports from individuals active in school reform; brief profiles describing how the concepts promoted in the book have been implemented in a variety of schools, communities, and successful programs; and a resource list of organizations, publications, and other contacts. A glossary and a list of electronic resources are included. |||Community Participation in Planning,Technology Integration, K-12 1990-2007 Learn about and Visit Historic College and University Campuses Using the National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary Series.|References to Journal Articles|Planning for Higher Education|Shull, Carol||2011-04-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|209-217|Text|||Describes the U.S. National Park Service's Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary Series, which includes a number of historic higher education campuses. A variety of campuses across the United States are highlighted, and 14 references are included.|||Preserving Higher Education Campuses,Design -- HIGHER EDUCATION,Design -- History Learn for Life. New Architecture for New Learning. |References to Books and Other Media||S. Ehmann, S. Borges, R. Klanten|ISBN 978-3-89955-414-4|2012-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|288p|Text|Gestalten||Diverse collection of inspiring architecture and interiors that support progressive models of acquiring knowledge. New interpretations of kindergartens, schools, universities, and libraries are featured along with architecturally innovative offices and conference rooms. These examples are rounded out by more experimental projects that offer further perspectives on the rapidly evolving topic of how best to learn in the new millennium. The groundbreaking spaces promote learning by inspiring us, providing us with helpful tools, and facilitating opportunities for productive cooperation and the exchange of ideas within groups. In short, the work makes clear that the creative use of architecture and interior design not only provides a new physical framework for acquiring knowledge, but also revitalizes and advances the process of learning as a whole.|||Classrooms,Classrooms--HIGHER EDUCATION,Design -- HIGHER EDUCATION,Design -- Overview,Schools for the Future Learn from the Past.|References to Journal Articles|School Planning and Management|Abramson, Paul||2011-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|54|Text|||Urges school districts to retain closed school buildings rather than sell them, as many districts have found that when enrollment rebounded, they later needed buildings that they had sold. Ideally, a new school building should be designed to be easily converted to other community uses if it enters a period of underutilization, and ideas for adaptive re-use of existing schools are described.|||Closures, Consolidation, and Co-location,Community Use ,Paul Abramson's Column on School Planning Learner-Centered Campuses.|References to Journal Articles|American School and University|Zaiser, David||2010-11-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|212-215|Text|||Describes features of a learner-centered educational facility, including spaces that foster active engagement in learning, group-friendly collaboration areas, and technological connectivity. |||Classrooms,Design -- Overview,Schools for the Future Learning and The Physical Environment-A Research Overview from Scandinavia.|References to Books and Other Media||Pia Bjoerklid||2010-01-01 00:00:00.0|yyyy|6|Text|Comportements and Authors, Lausanne, Switzerland||Presents a review of research done in Scandinavia on the relationship between learning and the physical environment. The paper discusses the interaction between children's learning and the physical environment of schools and their adjacent outdoor environments. The author stresses that learning in schools comprises both formal and informal learning, including play. She argues that both play spaces and learning spaces should have workshop-like qualities, preferably with clearly demarcated areas for different activities. Children need environments that inspire them to different types of practical activity. Learning environments should provide rooms for meeting and mixing with friends but also for seclusion. One way of assuring students' right to safe and developmental environments is to give them influence over the planning of their physical landscape. The local environment around the school is an opportunity in this respect.|||Design -- International,Design -- Overview,Impact of Facilities on Learning--Research Studies Learning Buildings.|References to Books and Other Media||Annesley, Barbara; Horne, Matthew; Cottam, Hillary|ISBN-0-9541258-1-9|2002-02-01 00:00:00.0|mmm yyyy|56||School Works, London, England||This publication, from a non-profit organization in Britain concerned with educational facilities design, aims to stimulate a debate about the building environment of secondary schools in relation to other dimensions--people, the learning process, and the institutional framework. Its chapters are: (1) School Buildings in Britain Today; (2) Institutions Out of Place, addressing how changes in society and education should influence changes in schools' physical facilities; (3) Buildings as Frames for Life, addressing the symbolic and relationship-building aspects of schools; (4) Design Examples, including illustrations from Britain, the Netherlands, and the United States; (5) Partnership and Participation, describing the current stifling process for designing school buildings in Britain and offering a new approach to school architecture; and (6) School Works Recommendations.”
Malone, Sara; And Others
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School Works, Ltd., The Mezzanine, Elizabeth House, 39 York Rd., London SE1 7NQ, England
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