Methods of Financing Educational Facilities in the United States.

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In February 1990, special hearings were held by the Kansas Senate and House Education Committees on the physical condition of school facilities. This document offers a three-part synopsis: a brief and selective review of the testimony given in February 1990; an overview of general finance methods; and a state-by-state executive summary of the individual states' facility finance provisions. The testimony argued that for legal, ethical, and economic reasons Kansas should consider assisting districts with their facility needs; more generally, there is a history of litigation that intimates that states may increasingly be held responsible for assisting local districts. In regard to finance methods, capital outlay as an issue of equity has been subjected to three standards: resource accessibility, wealth neutrality, and taxpayer effort. Currently 30 states provide some true grant-in-aid assistance, and 35 states provide either grants or loans. The methods are generally: (1) full state support; (2) equalization grants; (3) matching grants; (4) flat grants; (5) state loans; and (6) building authorities. In the third part, details of individual state methods are provided in alphabetical order by state. (17 references)
Thompson, David C.
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