Outdoor Learning Environments

Title Abstract Publication Date
Changing a Schoolyard: Intentions, Design Decisions, and Behavioral Outcomes. Describes the construction of a tire playground on an empty, fenced-in blacktop that had served as the schoolyard for a small primary school. The parents' and designer's goals for the... 04/30/1988
Chicago School Garden Initiative. A Collaborative Model for Developing School Gardens That Work. This best practices manual tells the story of Chicago's successful School Garden Initiative (SGI), which worked on a districtwide basis to create and use school gardens as a setting for active... 12/31/2002
Child's Play: An Empirical Study of the Relationship between the Physical Form of Schoolyards and Children's Behavior. Reviews existing literature on the importance of nature experiences in child development. Also described is an exploratory study performed with two Connecticut third grade classes to assess the way... 12/31/2000
Children Learning Outside the Classroom: From Birth to Eleven This book explores why learning beyond the classroom is important for children, and offers practical examples of how to improve outdoor learning experiences for all children. Each chapter has case... 02/28/2011
Children's Contact with the Outdoors and Nature: A Focus on Educators and Educational Settings Compilation of articles and documents that synthesize the literature related to children's contact with the outdoors and nature and, in many cases, highlight children's contact as it... 12/31/2011
Children's Environmental Learning and the Use, Design and Management of Schoolgrounds. Examines school grounds as sites for play and environmental learning. It is based on a three-year project that involved 50 eight- to ten-year-old children at five Australian primary schools. Data... 12/31/2002
Children's Outdoor Play & Learning Environments: Returning to Nature Why typical playgrounds are designed the way they are by adults is discussed, including what the ideal outdoor play/learning environment for children is and how the outdoor space should be considered... 12/31/1996
Childrens Landscape, Norway [Frode Svanes Barnas Landskap - Aktivt Arkiv] This website links to a wealth of sources on childrens landscapes, including schoolgrounds, installations in forests, participation projects, nature playgrounds, etc. It also contains articles on...
Conserving and Enhancing the Natural Environment. A Guide for Planning, Design, Construction, and Maintenance on New & Existing School Sites. [Maryland] Natural environments on school sites provide considerable multi-disciplinary educational opportunities, many of which are hands-on experiences that stimulate learning. This document presents... 12/31/1998
Courtyard Oases: Ecology at the Heart of the School. Explores ecologically planned school yards that provide students with places of wonder and exciting things to study, play with, and explore. The article describes three school courtyards that... 12/31/2001
Creating Environments for Young Children. The planning and design of child care centers has been undertaken without sufficient knowledge of children's spatial behavior, resulting in centers not providing appropriate physical conditions... 12/31/1994
Creating Quality School-Age Child Care Space. Provides strategies for planning, designing, and equipping after-school physical environments for school-age children from kindergarten through eighth grade. After-school spaces offer an opportunity... 08/31/2011
Design for Learning: Values, Qualities and Processes of Enriching School Landscapes. This paper presents learning values of school landscapes, as well as design qualities and processes that may enrich these landscapes for children and community. Concepts and issues are introduced... 12/31/1999
Design Workbook. Provides ideas, guidance and tools for making decisions on potential elements in schoolyards and outdoor classrooms. The workbook has been created with consideration for safety, budget,... 12/31/2010
Designing Landscapes for Learning: Transforming School Grounds Into Special Places. Research on playground design in Japan and England offers challenges to the logic behind how playgrounds in the United States are designed. This paper presents observations of outdoor environments... 12/31/1996
Designing Outdoor Environments for Children: Landscaping School Yards, Gardens and Playgrounds. Details the history, design process, installation, and maintenance of sustainable children's landscapes and play yards. Numerous case studies cover projects including storybook courtyards, music... 12/31/2005
Designing Schools Based on Brain Research.[Audiotape] An audiotape explains an Iowa rainforest project that promotes experiential learning for children, and explores the effects of the physical environment on the brain. The project is a one-of-a-kind... 05/02/2000
Designing Schoolyards and Building Community. Reviews the work of the Boston Schoolyard Initiative, which has worked to transform the city's typically paved and uninviting schoolyards into centers for learning and life. It accomplishes this... 12/31/2005
Developing an Earth-bound Culture Through Design of Childhood Habitats. A small but growing body of research indicates that daily experience of nature, spending time outdoors in the fresh air and sunlight, in touch with plants and animals, has a measurable impact on... 08/31/2000
Developing Great Schoolyards - A Handbook for Elementary Schools. Handbook explores outdoor spaces such as small athletic fields, vegetable gardens, and playgrounds that provide opportunities for physical challenges, exercise, sensory and fantasy play, organized... 09/30/2011
Developing Our Y.A.R.D. for Observing, Writing, and Other Learning Activities. Discusses the Youth Activity and Recreational Development (YARD) Center project, one school's efforts to return their school grounds to a more natural state in order to support integrated... 09/30/1999
Developing Your School Grounds: A Planning Primer Describes the planning steps and other practical considerations to establish successful trails, outdoor classrooms, or other environmental education improvements on school grounds. Steps include... 12/31/1997
DFES School Grounds of the Future: Final Evaluation Report. Evaluates the United Kingdom Dept. for Education and Skills' three-year School Grounds of the Future program, which encouraged schools to improve their school grounds. Evidence of best practices... 12/31/2006
Digging Deeper: Integrating Youth Gardens Into Schools and Communities. This book provides educators with practical, clear information on how to develop youth gardens in schools and communities. It shows how school gardening is an ideal vehicle to meet high educational... 12/31/1997
Don't Come Too Close to My Octopus Tree: Recording and Evaluating Young Children's Perspectives on Outdoor Learning. Examines how children's experiences of an outdoor project can challenge our understanding of participation. It discusses and evaluates participative approaches and the inter-relationship between... 12/31/2005

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